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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 17:34:29 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 06:05:30 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0030059
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB30059
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePropyl propionate
DescriptionPropyl propionate, also known as fema 2958, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group). Propyl propionate is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral. Propyl propionate is a sweet, bitter, and chemical tasting compound. Outside of the human body, Propyl propionate has been detected, but not quantified in, a few different foods, such as apples, black elderberries, and sweet cherries. This could make propyl propionate a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Propyl propionate, with regard to humans, has been found to be associated with several diseases such as ulcerative colitis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and crohn's disease; propyl propionate has also been linked to the inborn metabolic disorder celiac disease. A propanoate ester resulting from the formal condensation of the hydroxy group of propanol with the carboxy group of propanoic acid.
Structure
Data?1563861930
Synonyms
ValueSource
N-Propyl N-propionateChEBI
N-Propyl propanoateChEBI
N-Propyl propionateChEBI
Propanoic acid, propyl esterChEBI
Propionic acid N-propyl esterChEBI
Propionic acid, propyl esterChEBI
Propyl ester OF propanoic acidChEBI
Propyl propanoateChEBI
N-Propyl N-propionic acidGenerator
N-Propyl propanoic acidGenerator
N-Propyl propionic acidGenerator
Propanoate, propyl esterGenerator
Propionate N-propyl esterGenerator
Propionate, propyl esterGenerator
Propyl ester OF propanoateGenerator
Propyl propanoic acidGenerator
Propyl propionic acidGenerator
FEMA 2958HMDB
Propyl-propanoateHMDB
Propylester kyseliny propionoveHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H12O2
Average Molecular Weight116.1583
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight116.083729628
IUPAC Namepropyl propanoate
Traditional Namepropyl propanoate
CAS Registry Number106-36-5
SMILES
CCCOC(=O)CC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H12O2/c1-3-5-8-6(7)4-2/h3-5H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyMCSINKKTEDDPNK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassCarboxylic acid derivatives
Direct ParentCarboxylic acid esters
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-75.9 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility5.3 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility10.9 g/LALOGPS
logP1.81ALOGPS
logP1.5ChemAxon
logS-1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area26.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity31.31 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.37 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-056r-9000000000-b0a31f4b7c2db804c2a6Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4r-9000000000-34caa674731bfbd2ddb6Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-1900000000-d4267491a41a351ccb29Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-056r-9000000000-9a4b5d04bf6b06ff65daSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-056r-9000000000-b0a31f4b7c2db804c2a6Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4r-9000000000-34caa674731bfbd2ddb6Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-1900000000-d4267491a41a351ccb29Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-056r-9000000000-9a4b5d04bf6b06ff65daSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0a6u-9000000000-238f350805b3a692908eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014i-8900000000-9f2075e77400d2cdfda4Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-bb334d4e6fe6af4c7d78Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-395daa75870911da56f6Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-066r-9700000000-bd1735070c320609cdffSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0ab9-9100000000-0b900788353e2de4669dSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-718f6ab4f24e7fccd311Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected and Quantified0-78025.706 nmol/g wet fecesChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified34.436 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected and Quantified189.397 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified117.656 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (1-13 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Newborn (0-30 days old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected and Quantified0-509764.118 nmol/g wet fecesChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Treated celiac disease
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Campylobacter jejuni infection
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Clostridium difficile infection
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative Colitis
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothImmunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) non progressor details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothImmunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) progressor details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Female
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothCrohns disease details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothUlcerative colitis details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (1-13 years old)Not Specifiedceliac disease details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Ulcerative colitis
  1. Garner CE, Smith S, de Lacy Costello B, White P, Spencer R, Probert CS, Ratcliffe NM: Volatile organic compounds from feces and their potential for diagnosis of gastrointestinal disease. FASEB J. 2007 Jun;21(8):1675-88. Epub 2007 Feb 21. [PubMed:17314143 ]
  2. Ahmed I, Greenwood R, Costello B, Ratcliffe N, Probert CS: Investigation of faecal volatile organic metabolites as novel diagnostic biomarkers in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2016 Mar;43(5):596-611. doi: 10.1111/apt.13522. Epub 2016 Jan 25. [PubMed:26806034 ]
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  1. Raman M, Ahmed I, Gillevet PM, Probert CS, Ratcliffe NM, Smith S, Greenwood R, Sikaroodi M, Lam V, Crotty P, Bailey J, Myers RP, Rioux KP: Fecal microbiome and volatile organic compound metabolome in obese humans with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Jul;11(7):868-75.e1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2013.02.015. Epub 2013 Feb 27. [PubMed:23454028 ]
Celiac disease
  1. Di Cagno R, De Angelis M, De Pasquale I, Ndagijimana M, Vernocchi P, Ricciuti P, Gagliardi F, Laghi L, Crecchio C, Guerzoni ME, Gobbetti M, Francavilla R: Duodenal and faecal microbiota of celiac children: molecular, phenotype and metabolome characterization. BMC Microbiol. 2011 Oct 4;11:219. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-11-219. [PubMed:21970810 ]
  2. De Angelis M, Vannini L, Di Cagno R, Cavallo N, Minervini F, Francavilla R, Ercolini D, Gobbetti M: Salivary and fecal microbiota and metabolome of celiac children under gluten-free diet. Int J Food Microbiol. 2016 Dec 19;239:125-132. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2016.07.025. Epub 2016 Jul 19. [PubMed:27452636 ]
Crohn's disease
  1. Ahmed I, Greenwood R, Costello B, Ratcliffe N, Probert CS: Investigation of faecal volatile organic metabolites as novel diagnostic biomarkers in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2016 Mar;43(5):596-611. doi: 10.1111/apt.13522. Epub 2016 Jan 25. [PubMed:26806034 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB001367
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID7515
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkPropyl_propanoate
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound7803
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID89828
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .