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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 18:32:39 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 06:14:19 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0033782
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB33782
Metabolite Identification
Common NameBergamottin
DescriptionBergamottin is found in citrus. Bergamottin is a constituent of bergamot oil. Also from lemon oil and oils of other Citrus species and carrot (Daucus carota) Bergamottin is a natural furanocoumarin found principally in grapefruit juice. It is also found in the oil of bergamot, from which it was first isolated and from which its name is derived. To a lesser extent, bergamottin is also present in the essential oils of other citrus fruits. Along with the chemically related compound 6 ,7 -dihydroxybergamottin, it is believed to be responsible for the grapefruit juice effect in which the consumption of the juice affects the metabolism of a variety of pharmaceutical drugs
Structure
Data?1563862459
Synonyms
ValueSource
4-[(3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl)oxy]-7H-furo[3,2-g][1]benzopyran-7-one, 9ciHMDB
5-GeranoxypsoralenHMDB
5-GeranyloxypsoralenHMDB
BergamotinHMDB
BergamotineHMDB
BergaptinHMDB
Bergaptol geranyl etherHMDB
Chemical FormulaC21H22O4
Average Molecular Weight338.403
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight338.151809188
IUPAC Name4-{[(2Z)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl]oxy}-7H-furo[3,2-g]chromen-7-one
Traditional Name4-{[(2Z)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl]oxy}furo[3,2-g]chromen-7-one
CAS Registry Number7380-40-7
SMILES
CC(C)=CCC\C(C)=C/COC1=C2C=COC2=CC2=C1C=CC(=O)O2
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H22O4/c1-14(2)5-4-6-15(3)9-11-24-21-16-7-8-20(22)25-19(16)13-18-17(21)10-12-23-18/h5,7-10,12-13H,4,6,11H2,1-3H3/b15-9-
InChI KeyDBMJZOMNXBSRED-DHDCSXOGSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as terpene lactones. These are prenol lipids containing a lactone ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassTerpene lactones
Direct ParentTerpene lactones
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Terpene lactone
  • Linear furanocoumarin
  • Furanocoumarin
  • Psoralen
  • Coumarin
  • Benzopyran
  • 1-benzopyran
  • Monoterpenoid
  • Aromatic monoterpenoid
  • Benzofuran
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Pyranone
  • Benzenoid
  • Pyran
  • Furan
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Lactone
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Ether
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Biological location:

Source:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point59 - 61 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.01 g/LALOGPS
logP5.3ALOGPS
logP4.81ChemAxon
logS-4.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area48.67 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity99.77 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability37.47 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0gi0-9563000000-1489fb332877b9483715Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1449000000-f1cb80e88623323efd78Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00kr-7974000000-8dc8885c8ce63b6b8f05Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0uxr-9420000000-d4a732b567f78ee66d36Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-0059000000-6c5381fc4c44ea7b815bSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0392000000-aef5d498f581369a1495Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0910000000-f3479b11ac7337bdd5d4Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB011939
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID5584831
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkBergamottin
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound7251175
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Hwang YP, Yun HJ, Choi JH, Kang KW, Jeong HG: Suppression of phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induced tumor cell invasion by bergamottin via the inhibition of protein kinase Cdelta/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and JNK/nuclear factor-kappaB-dependent matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2010 Jul;54(7):977-90. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.200900283. [PubMed:19943262 ]
  2. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .