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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 19:02:28 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 06:15:32 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0034237
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB34237
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePropyl acetate
DescriptionPropyl acetate, also known as 1-acetoxypropane or propyl ethanoate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group). It is formed by the esterification of acetic acid and 1-propanol (known as a condensation reaction), often via Fischer–Speier esterification, with sulfuric acid as a catalyst and water produced as a byproduct. This clear, colorless liquid is known by its characteristic odor of pears. Propyl acetate is a drug. Propyl acetate is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Propyl acetate is a bitter, celery, and fruity tasting compound. Outside of the human body, propyl acetate has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as muskmelons, figs, apples, pineapples, and cocoa beans. This could make propyl acetate a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Due to this fact, it is commonly used in fragrances and as a flavor additive. Propyl acetate has been found to be associated with the diseases such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; also propyl acetate has been linked to the inborn metabolic disorders including celiac disease.
Structure
Data?1563862532
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-AcetoxypropaneChEBI
N-Propyl acetateChEBI
Propyl ethanoateChEBI
N-Propyl acetic acidGenerator
Propyl ethanoic acidGenerator
Propyl acetic acidGenerator
1-Propyl acetateHMDB
Acetic acid N-propyl esterHMDB
Acetic acid, N-propyl esterHMDB
Acetic acid, propyl esterHMDB
Acetic acid,propyl esterHMDB
N-Propyl ethanoateHMDB
Propyl acetate, ion (1-)HMDB
Chemical FormulaC5H10O2
Average Molecular Weight102.1317
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight102.068079564
IUPAC Namepropyl acetate
Traditional Namepropyl acetate
CAS Registry Number109-60-4
SMILES
CCCOC(C)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C5H10O2/c1-3-4-7-5(2)6/h3-4H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyYKYONYBAUNKHLG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassCarboxylic acid derivatives
Direct ParentCarboxylic acid esters
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-93 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility18.9 mg/mL at 20 °CNot Available
LogP1.24Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility28.2 g/LALOGPS
logP1.28ALOGPS
logP0.8ChemAxon
logS-0.56ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area26.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity26.69 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.39 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-2129564a2393ddfe69d6Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-00kf-9000000000-eeea11594f16f50df38aSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-d3ec8dd755a3715c491eSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-967576e66df0ac7c49a6Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-4d6b615a7391ff485f70Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-4de83bd1697d62bc041fSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-2129564a2393ddfe69d6Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-00kf-9000000000-eeea11594f16f50df38aSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-d3ec8dd755a3715c491eSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-967576e66df0ac7c49a6Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-4d6b615a7391ff485f70Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-4de83bd1697d62bc041fSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-b303273884bc7551e3a4Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-5900000000-2e699a330dbac3ac09eaSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-9100000000-db9aad84d292b82d9097Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-56d35002aca55f7f85baSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-7900000000-054c6e238cfcb0d23089Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9100000000-2a27a263e1daa667871bSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4l-9000000000-42dcd513a0b1dd9e047aSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
  • Saliva
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected and Quantified0-16514.624 nmol/g wet fecesChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified6.528 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified94.649 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected and Quantified48.956 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Newborn (0-30 days old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected and Quantified0-31201.543 nmol/g wet fecesChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Treated celiac disease
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothImmunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) non progressor details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothImmunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) progressor details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Female
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  1. Raman M, Ahmed I, Gillevet PM, Probert CS, Ratcliffe NM, Smith S, Greenwood R, Sikaroodi M, Lam V, Crotty P, Bailey J, Myers RP, Rioux KP: Fecal microbiome and volatile organic compound metabolome in obese humans with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Jul;11(7):868-75.e1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2013.02.015. Epub 2013 Feb 27. [PubMed:23454028 ]
Celiac disease
  1. Di Cagno R, De Angelis M, De Pasquale I, Ndagijimana M, Vernocchi P, Ricciuti P, Gagliardi F, Laghi L, Crecchio C, Guerzoni ME, Gobbetti M, Francavilla R: Duodenal and faecal microbiota of celiac children: molecular, phenotype and metabolome characterization. BMC Microbiol. 2011 Oct 4;11:219. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-11-219. [PubMed:21970810 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDDB01670
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB012549
KNApSAcK IDC00035729
Chemspider ID7706
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkPropyl_acetate
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound7997
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID40116
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .