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Record Information
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:22:00 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00286
  • HMDB0060079
  • HMDB60079
Metabolite Identification
Common NameUridine diphosphate glucose
DescriptionUridine diphosphate glucose, also known as udpglucose or UDP-alpha-D-glucose, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrimidine nucleotide sugars. These are pyrimidine nucleotides bound to a saccharide derivative through the terminal phosphate group. Uridine diphosphate glucose is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Uridine diphosphate glucose exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Within humans, uridine diphosphate glucose participates in a number of enzymatic reactions. In particular, ceramide (D18:1/18:0) and uridine diphosphate glucose can be converted into glucosylceramide (D18:1/18:0) and uridine 5'-diphosphate through the action of the enzyme ceramide glucosyltransferase. In addition, glucosylceramide (D18:1/18:0) and uridine diphosphate glucose can be biosynthesized from lactosylceramide (D18:1/18:0) and uridine 5'-diphosphate through its interaction with the enzyme Beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase 6. In humans, uridine diphosphate glucose is involved in the metabolic disorder called the fabry disease pathway. Uridine diphosphate glucose is a key intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism. Outside of the human body, Uridine diphosphate glucose has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as breakfast cereals, hard wheats, flaxseeds, sesames, and cherimoya. This could make uridine diphosphate glucose a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. A key intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism.
GLUCOSE-uridine-C1,5'-diphosphoric acidGenerator
URIDINE-5'-diphosphoric acid-glucoseGenerator
Uridine diphosphoric acid glucoseGenerator
Diphosphate glucose, uridineHMDB
Diphosphoglucose, uridineHMDB
Glucose, UDPHMDB
Glucose, uridine diphosphateHMDB
Uridine diphosphoglucoseHMDB
Uridine 5'-(alpha-D-glucopyranosyl pyrophosphate)HMDB
Uridine 5'-(α-D-glucopyranosyl pyrophosphate)HMDB
Uridine 5'-diphosphate glucoseHMDB
Uridine 5'-diphospho-alpha-D-glucoseHMDB
Uridine 5'-diphospho-α-D-glucoseHMDB
Uridine 5'-diphosphoglucoseHMDB
Uridine 5’-(α-D-glucopyranosyl pyrophosphate)HMDB
Uridine 5’-diphosphate glucoseHMDB
Uridine 5’-diphospho-α-D-glucoseHMDB
Uridine 5’-diphosphoglucoseHMDB
Uridine diphospho-D-glucoseHMDB
Uridine pyrophosphate-glucoseHMDB
Uridine diphosphate glucoseChEBI
Chemical FormulaC15H24N2O17P2
Average Molecular Weight566.3018
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight566.055020376
IUPAC Name[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(2,4-dioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidin-1-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]({[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy})phosphinic acid
Traditional Nameudp-α-D-glucose
CAS Registry Number133-89-1
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrimidine nucleotide sugars. These are pyrimidine nucleotides bound to a saccharide derivative through the terminal phosphate group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPyrimidine nucleotides
Sub ClassPyrimidine nucleotide sugars
Direct ParentPyrimidine nucleotide sugars
Alternative Parents
  • Pyrimidine nucleotide sugar
  • Pyrimidine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pyrimidone
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Hydropyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Oxane
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Urea
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Lactam
  • Polyol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors

Route of exposure:


Biological location:


Naturally occurring process:


Industrial application:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility15 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.73ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count14ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area291.54 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity106.46 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability45.39 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-054k-3933570000-89f658b2d26ff158d84cSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0fk9-4942706000-3a83736296429f83adeeSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-014i-0000090000-1692ab5f5dad1cf7e436Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-015a-0439510000-69e7cd4c2c365a24706bSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-0109-5753970000-03f34041208ba93ef87aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-0901110000-4b81825405869909992eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03di-3911000000-6fd09254750e77963110Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03di-5900000000-03a2a98eb0aa84737530Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-4901260000-8396a090c14de7f2d708Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-01ox-8907020000-94410556a0288cb8167bSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-06tf-5901000000-10132c85ad33464d4eefSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi apparatus
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue Locations
  • Liver
  • Skeletal Muscle
Normal Concentrations
BloodDetected and Quantified155.0 +/- 113.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
UrineDetected and Quantified0.993 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
    • Mordechai, Hien, ...
Abnormal Concentrations
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Femaleankylosing spondylitis details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Femalerheumatoid arthritis details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Rheumatoid arthritis
  1. Tie-juan ShaoZhi-xing HeZhi-jun XieHai-chang LiMei-jiao WangCheng-ping Wen. Characterization of ankylosing spondylitis and rheumatoid arthritis using 1H NMR-based metabolomics of human fecal extracts. Metabolomics. April 2016, 12:70 [Link]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDDB01861
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB005660
KNApSAcK IDC00001514
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC00029
BioCyc IDCPD-12575
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkUridine_diphosphate_glucose
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound8629
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID46229
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
MarkerDB ID
Synthesis ReferenceBurma, D. P.; Mortimer, D. C. Biosynthesis of uridine diphosphate glucose and sucrose in sugar-beet leaf. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics (1956), 62 16-28.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Tarantino G, Morelli L, Califano C: [Uridine diphosphate glucose (UDPG) in the treatment of hepatic disease from chronic alcohol abuse]. Riv Eur Sci Med Farmacol. 1990 Apr;12(2):109-17. [PubMed:2080308 ]
  2. Schwartz AL, Rall TW: Hormonal regulation of glycogen metabolism in human fetal liver. II. Regulation of glycogen synthase activity. Diabetes. 1975 Dec;24(12):1113-22. [PubMed:811498 ]
  3. Hers HG: Mechanisms of blood glucose homeostasis. J Inherit Metab Dis. 1990;13(4):395-410. [PubMed:2122108 ]
  4. Raila J, Wirth K, Chen F, Buscher U, Dudenhausen JW, Schweigert FJ: Excretion of vitamin A in urine of women during normal pregnancy and pregnancy complications. Ann Nutr Metab. 2004 Sep-Oct;48(5):357-64. Epub 2004 Nov 9. [PubMed:15542927 ]
  5. Ng WG, Xu YK, Kaufman FR, Donnell GN: Deficit of uridine diphosphate galactose in galactosaemia. J Inherit Metab Dis. 1989;12(3):257-66. [PubMed:2515367 ]
  6. Ohdoi C, Nyhan WL, Kuhara T: Chemical diagnosis of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Jul 15;792(1):123-30. [PubMed:12829005 ]
  7. Marschall HU, Matern H, Wietholtz H, Egestad B, Matern S, Sjovall J: Bile acid N-acetylglucosaminidation. In vivo and in vitro evidence for a selective conjugation reaction of 7 beta-hydroxylated bile acids in humans. J Clin Invest. 1992 Jun;89(6):1981-7. [PubMed:1602004 ]
  8. Haugen HF, Skrede S: Nucleotide pyrophosphatase and phosphodiesterase I. Demonstration of activity in normal serum, and an increase in cholestatic liver disease. Scand J Gastroenterol. 1976;11(2):121-7. [PubMed:4880 ]
  9. Reynolds TH 4th, Pak Y, Harris TE, Manchester J, Barrett EJ, Lawrence JC Jr: Effects of insulin and transgenic overexpression of UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase on UDP-glucose and glycogen accumulation in skeletal muscle fibers. J Biol Chem. 2005 Feb 18;280(7):5510-5. Epub 2004 Dec 13. [PubMed:15596435 ]
  10. Nielsen JN, Richter EA: Regulation of glycogen synthase in skeletal muscle during exercise. Acta Physiol Scand. 2003 Aug;178(4):309-19. [PubMed:12864735 ]
  11. Thiele I, Swainston N, Fleming RM, Hoppe A, Sahoo S, Aurich MK, Haraldsdottir H, Mo ML, Rolfsson O, Stobbe MD, Thorleifsson SG, Agren R, Bolling C, Bordel S, Chavali AK, Dobson P, Dunn WB, Endler L, Hala D, Hucka M, Hull D, Jameson D, Jamshidi N, Jonsson JJ, Juty N, Keating S, Nookaew I, Le Novere N, Malys N, Mazein A, Papin JA, Price ND, Selkov E Sr, Sigurdsson MI, Simeonidis E, Sonnenschein N, Smallbone K, Sorokin A, van Beek JH, Weichart D, Goryanin I, Nielsen J, Westerhoff HV, Kell DB, Mendes P, Palsson BO: A community-driven global reconstruction of human metabolism. Nat Biotechnol. 2013 May;31(5):419-25. doi: 10.1038/nbt.2488. Epub 2013 Mar 3. [PubMed:23455439 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 16 proteins in total.


General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Involved primarily in ATP hydrolysis at the plasma membrane. Plays a role in regulating pyrophosphate levels, and functions in bone mineralization and soft tissue calcification. In vitro, has a broad specificity, hydrolyzing other nucleoside 5' triphosphates such as GTP, CTP, TTP and UTP to their corresponding monophosphates with release of pyrophosphate and diadenosine polyphosphates, and also 3',5'-cAMP to AMP. May also be involved in the regulation of the availability of nucleotide sugars in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi, and the regulation of purinergic signaling. Appears to modulate insulin sensitivity.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Uridine diphosphate glucose + Water → Uridine 5'-monophosphate + Glucose 1-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Cleaves a variety of phosphodiester and phosphosulfate bonds including deoxynucleotides, nucleotide sugars, and NAD (By similarity).
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Uridine diphosphate glucose + Water → Uridine 5'-monophosphate + Glucose 1-phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Plays an important role in the final stage of carbohydrate digestion. Isomaltase activity is specific for both alpha-1,4- and alpha-1,6-oligosaccharides.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Intestinal trehalase is probably involved in the hydrolysis of ingested trehalose.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Forms hydroxylysine residues in -Xaa-Lys-Gly- sequences in collagens. These hydroxylysines serve as sites of attachment for carbohydrate units and are essential for the stability of the intermolecular collagen cross-links.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Uridine diphosphate glucose + 5-(D-Galactosyloxy)-L-lysine-procollagen → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + 1,2-D-Glucosyl-5-D-(galactosyloxy)-L-lysine-procollagendetails
General function:
Cell wall/membrane/envelope biogenesis
Specific function:
Catalyzes the first glycosylation step in glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, the transfer of glucose to ceramide. May also serve as a "flippase".
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Uridine diphosphate glucose + N-acylsphingosine → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosinedetails
Uridine diphosphate glucose + N-Acylsphingosine → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + beta-D-Glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramidedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes two distinct but analogous reactions: the epimerization of UDP-glucose to UDP-galactose and the epimerization of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Uridine diphosphate glucose → Uridine diphosphategalactosedetails
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235 ]
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Involved in the biosynthesis of glycosaminoglycans; hyaluronan, chondroitin sulfate, and heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Uridine diphosphate glucose + NAD + Water → Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + NADHdetails
Uridine diphosphate glucose + Water + NAD → Uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Cell wall/membrane/envelope biogenesis
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Uridine diphosphate glucose + Dolichol-20 → Uridine 5'-diphosphate + Dolichyl b-D-glucosyl phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleotidyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Plays a central role as a glucosyl donor in cellular metabolic pathways.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Uridine triphosphate + Glucose 1-phosphate → Pyrophosphate + Uridine diphosphate glucosedetails

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 16 proteins in total.