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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:22:59 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001134
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01134
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePhosphoadenosine phosphosulfate
DescriptionPhosphoadenosine phosphosulfate, also known as 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate or PAPS, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pentose phosphates. These are carbohydrate derivatives containing a pentose substituted by one or more phosphate groups. Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate is a strong basic compound (based on its pKa). Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Within humans, phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate participates in a number of enzymatic reactions. In particular, galactosylceramide (D18:1/18:0) and phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate can be converted into 3-O-sulfogalactosylceramide (D18:1/18:0) and adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate; which is catalyzed by the enzyme galactosylceramide sulfotransferase. In addition, galabiosylceramide (D18:1/18:0) and phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate can be converted into adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate and galabiosylceramide sulfate (D18:1/18:0) through the action of the enzyme galactosylceramide sulfotransferase. In humans, phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate is involved in globoid cell leukodystrophy.
Structure
Data?1582752179
Synonyms
ValueSource
3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfateChEBI
3'-Phosphoadenylyl sulfateChEBI
PAPSChEBI
3'-Phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfateKegg
3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfuric acidGenerator
3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulphateGenerator
3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulphuric acidGenerator
3'-Phosphoadenylyl sulfuric acidGenerator
3'-Phosphoadenylyl sulphateGenerator
3'-Phosphoadenylyl sulphuric acidGenerator
3'-Phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfuric acidGenerator
3'-Phospho-5'-adenylyl sulphateGenerator
3'-Phospho-5'-adenylyl sulphuric acidGenerator
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfuric acidGenerator
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulphateGenerator
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulphuric acidGenerator
3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfateHMDB
3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulphateHMDB
3'-Phosphoadenylyl-sulfateHMDB
3'-Phosphoadenylyl-sulphateHMDB
5-Phosphoadenosine 3-phosphosulfateHMDB
5-Phosphoadenosine 3-phosphosulphateHMDB
Adenosine 3' phosphate 5' phosphosulfateHMDB
Adenosine-3'-phosphate-5'-phosphosulfateHMDB
Phosphosulfate, phosphoadenosineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H15N5O13P2S
Average Molecular Weight507.264
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight506.986229305
IUPAC Name[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]sulfonic acid
Traditional Name3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate
CAS Registry Number482-67-7
SMILES
NC1=NC=NC2=C1N=CN2[C@@H]1O[C@H](COP(O)(=O)OS(O)(=O)=O)[C@@H](OP(O)(O)=O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H15N5O13P2S/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-6(16)7(27-29(17,18)19)4(26-10)1-25-30(20,21)28-31(22,23)24/h2-4,6-7,10,16H,1H2,(H,20,21)(H2,11,12,13)(H2,17,18,19)(H,22,23,24)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI KeyGACDQMDRPRGCTN-KQYNXXCUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pentose phosphates. These are carbohydrate derivatives containing a pentose substituted by one or more phosphate groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentPentose phosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Hemiaminal
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility5.05 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.65ALOGPS
logP-7.1ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-2.1ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.94ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count14ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area275.97 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity94.93 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability39.36 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-8930200000-a2821e129c20bee87c33Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-9441110000-619798b0c3242743c13aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-2901410000-afa8a71104e69c842868Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900200000-8f9317ccb6340a4317c4Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900000000-e2c92e775605a11d728eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a7i-4900240000-500302d146b6d356a0b8Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0059-5900100000-07e0047589df3afabbbdSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9500000000-517ff9b08c8f8999b922Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Golgi apparatus
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue Locations
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Platelet
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB02902
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022445
KNApSAcK IDC00007446
Chemspider ID9799
KEGG Compound IDC00053
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID33679
Wikipedia Link3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate
METLIN ID6028
PubChem Compound10214
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17980
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDPAPS
References
Synthesis ReferenceLin, Chun-Hung; Shen, Gwo-Jenn; Garcia-Junceda, Eduardo; Wong, Chi-Huey. Enzymic Synthesis and Regeneration of 3'-Phosphoadenosine 5'-Phosphosulfate (PAPS) for Regioselective Sulfation of Oligosaccharides. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117 (30), pp 8031-8032
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Emmi L, Bergamini C, Spinelli A, Liotta F, Marchione T, Caldini A, Fanelli A, De Cristofaro MT, Dal Pozzo G: Possible pathogenetic role of activated platelets in the primary antiphospholipid syndrome involving the central nervous system. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1997 Aug 14;823:188-200. [PubMed:9292045 ]
  2. Fanelli A, Bergamini C, Rapi S, Caldini A, Spinelli A, Buggiani A, Emmi L: Flow cytometric detection of circulating activated platelets in primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Correlation with thrombocytopenia and anticardiolipin antibodies. Lupus. 1997;6(3):261-7. [PubMed:9104734 ]
  3. Joseph JE, Harrison P, Mackie IJ, Isenberg DA, Machin SJ: Increased circulating platelet-leucocyte complexes and platelet activation in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Br J Haematol. 2001 Nov;115(2):451-9. [PubMed:11703349 ]
  4. Suarez IM, Diaz RA, Aguayo Canela D, Pujol de la Llave E: Correction of severe thrombocytopenia with chloroquine in the primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Lupus. 1996 Feb;5(1):81-3. [PubMed:8646233 ]
  5. Khoo BY, Sit KH, Wong KP: Does PAPS generation determine the overall sulfate conjugation in human platelets? Life Sci. 1988;42(23):2389-95. [PubMed:3131608 ]
  6. Wong KP, Khoo BY, Sit KH: Biosynthesis of PAPS in vitro by human liver. Measurement by two independent assay procedures. Biochem Pharmacol. 1991 Jan 1;41(1):63-9. [PubMed:1846073 ]
  7. Cappiello M, Franchi M, Rane A, Pacifici GM: Sulphotransferase and its substrate: adenosine-3'-phosphate-5'-phosphosulphate in human fetal liver and placenta. Dev Pharmacol Ther. 1990;14(1):62-5. [PubMed:2311482 ]
  8. Cappiello M, Franchi M, Giuliani L, Pacifici GM: Distribution of 2-naphthol sulphotransferase and its endogenous substrate adenosine 3'-phosphate 5'-phosphosulphate in human tissues. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1989;37(3):317-20. [PubMed:2612547 ]
  9. Carlier M, Squifflet JP, Pirson Y, Gribomont B, Alexandre GP: Maximal hydration during anesthesia increases pulmonary arterial pressures and improves early function of human renal transplants. Transplantation. 1982 Oct;34(4):201-4. [PubMed:6755828 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 42 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Involved primarily in ATP hydrolysis at the plasma membrane. Plays a role in regulating pyrophosphate levels, and functions in bone mineralization and soft tissue calcification. In vitro, has a broad specificity, hydrolyzing other nucleoside 5' triphosphates such as GTP, CTP, TTP and UTP to their corresponding monophosphates with release of pyrophosphate and diadenosine polyphosphates, and also 3',5'-cAMP to AMP. May also be involved in the regulation of the availability of nucleotide sugars in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi, and the regulation of purinergic signaling. Appears to modulate insulin sensitivity.
Gene Name:
ENPP1
Uniprot ID:
P22413
Molecular weight:
104923.58
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Water → Oat gum + Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Cleaves a variety of phosphodiester and phosphosulfate bonds including deoxynucleotides, nucleotide sugars, and NAD (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ENPP3
Uniprot ID:
O14638
Molecular weight:
100123.54
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Water → Oat gum + Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of sulfate to position 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Can also sulfate Gal residues in desulfated dermatan sulfate. Preferentially sulfates in GlcA->GalNAc unit than in IdoA->GalNAc unit. Does not form 4, 6-di-O-sulfated GalNAc when chondroitin sulfate C is used as an acceptor.
Gene Name:
CHST11
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPF2
Molecular weight:
41002.97
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + chondroitin 4'-sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 4-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the transfer of sulfate to position 6 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Can also sulfate Gal residues of keratan sulfate, another glycosaminoglycan, and the Gal residues in sialyl N-acetyllactosamine (sialyl LacNAc) oligosaccharides. May play a role in the maintenance of naive T-lymphocytes in the spleen.
Gene Name:
CHST3
Uniprot ID:
Q7LGC8
Molecular weight:
54705.5
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 6-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of sulfate to position 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Transfers sulfate to the C4 hydroxyl of beta1,4-linked GalNAc that is substituted with a beta-linked glucuronic acid at the C-3 hydroxyl. No activity toward dermatan.
Gene Name:
CHST13
Uniprot ID:
Q8NET6
Molecular weight:
38919.34
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + chondroitin 4'-sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 4-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of sulfate to position 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) residue of chondroitin and desulfated dermatan sulfate. Chondroitin sulfate constitutes the predominant proteoglycan present in cartilage and is distributed on the surfaces of many cells and extracellular matrices. Activity toward partially desulfated dermatan sulfate is however lower. Does not form 4, 6-di-O-sulfated GalNAc when chondroitin sulfate C is used as an acceptor.
Gene Name:
CHST12
Uniprot ID:
Q9NRB3
Molecular weight:
48413.945
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + chondroitin 4'-sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Chondroitin → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Chondroitin 4-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in galactosylceramide sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the sulfation of membrane glycolipids. Seems to prefer beta-glycosides at the non-reducing termini of sugar chains attached to a lipid moiety. Catalyzes the synthesis of galactosylceramide sulfate (sulfatide), a major lipid component of the myelin sheath and of monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol sulfate (seminolipid), present in spermatocytes (By similarity). Also acts on lactosylceramide, galactosyl 1-alkyl-2-sn-glycerol and galactosyl diacylglycerol (in vitro).
Gene Name:
GAL3ST1
Uniprot ID:
Q99999
Molecular weight:
48763.63
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + a galactosylceramide → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + a galactosylceramidesulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Galactosylceramide → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Sulfatidedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Digalactosylceramide → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Digalactosylceramidesulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) to catalyze the transfer of a sulfo group to an N-unsubstituted glucosamine linked to a 2-O-sulfo iduronic acid unit on heparan sulfate. Catalyzes the O-sulfation of glucosamine in IdoUA2S-GlcNS and also in IdoUA2S-GlcNH2. The substrate-specific O-sulfation generates an enzyme-modified heparan sulfate which acts as a binding receptor to Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) and permits its entry. Unlike 3-OST-1, does not convert non-anticoagulant heparan sulfate to anticoagulant heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
HS3ST3B1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y662
Molecular weight:
43323.605
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) to catalyze the transfer of a sulfo group to an N-unsubstituted glucosamine linked to a 2-O-sulfo iduronic acid unit on heparan sulfate. Catalyzes the O-sulfation of glucosamine in IdoUA2S-GlcNS and also in IdoUA2S-GlcNH2. The substrate-specific O-sulfation generates an enzyme-modified heparan sulfate which acts as a binding receptor to Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) and permits its entry. Unlike 3-OST-1, does not convert non-anticoagulant heparan sulfate to anticoagulant heparan sulfate.
Gene Name:
HS3ST3A1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y663
Molecular weight:
44899.155
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfatedetails
General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of catecholamines, phenolic drugs and neurotransmitters. Has also estrogen sulfotransferase activity. responsible for the sulfonation and activation of minoxidil. Is Mediates the metabolic activation of carcinogenic N-hydroxyarylamines to DNA binding products and could so participate as modulating factor of cancer risk.
Gene Name:
SULT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P50225
Molecular weight:
34165.13
Reactions
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + a phenol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + an aryl sulfatedetails
Phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate + Phenol → Adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate + Phenol sulphatedetails

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 42 proteins in total.