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Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2021-09-14 15:00:01 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB04960
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTetrahexosylceramide (d18:1/16:0)
DescriptionTetrahexosylceramide (d18:1/16:0) is a glycosphingolipid (ceramide and oligosaccharide)or oligoglycosylceramide with one or more sialic acids (i.e. n-acetylneuraminic acid) linked on the sugar chain. Tetrahexosylceramide contains a tetrasaccharide moiety bound in glycosidic linkage to the hydroxyl group of ceramide as the polar head group. It is a component the cell plasma membrane which modulates cell signal transduction events. Gangliosides have been found to be highly important in immunology. Ganglioside Gb4 carries a net-negative charge at pH 7.0 and is acidic. Gangliosides can amount to 6% of the weight of lipids from brain, but they are found at low levels in all animal tissues.Globosides are glycosphingolipids. There are four types of glycosphingolipids, the cerebrosides, sulfatides, globosides and gangliosides. Globosides are cerebrosides that contain additional carbohydrates, predominantly galactose, glucose or GalNAc. Lactosyl ceramide is a globoside found in erythrocyte plasma membranes. Globotriaosylceramide (also called ceramide trihexoside) contains glucose and two moles of galactose and accumulates, primarily in the kidneys, of patients suffering from Fabry disease.
Cytolipin KHMDB
Ganglioside GB4HMDB
Ganglioside GL 4HMDB
Globoside GB 4HMDB
Globoside GL 4HMDB
Globoside IHMDB
Globosidic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC60H110N2O23
Average Molecular Weight1227.515
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1226.749937836
IUPAC NameN-[(2S,3R,4E)-1-{[(2R,4R,5S,6R)-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5R,6R)-5-{[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4-{[(2S,3R,4R,5R,6R)-3-acetamido-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3-hydroxyoctadec-4-en-2-yl]hexadecanamide
Traditional NameN-[(2S,3R,4E)-1-{[(2R,4R,5S,6R)-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5R,6R)-5-{[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4-{[(2S,3R,4R,5R,6R)-3-acetamido-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3-hydroxyoctadec-4-en-2-yl]hexadecanamide
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycosyl-n-acylsphingosines. Glycosyl-N-acylsphingosines are compounds containing a sphingosine linked to a simple glucosyl moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassGlycosphingolipids
Direct ParentGlycosyl-N-acylsphingosines
Alternative Parents
  • Glycosyl-n-acylsphingosine
  • Oligosaccharide
  • Fatty acyl glycoside
  • N-acyl-alpha-hexosamine
  • Alkyl glycoside
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Fatty amide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty acyl
  • Oxane
  • Acetamide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxamide group
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Acetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Primary alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available

Biological location


Route of exposure

Physical Properties
Experimental Molecular Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0Not Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Experimental Chromatographic PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Molecular Properties
Water Solubility0.06 g/LALOGPS
logP10(3.41) g/LALOGPS
logP10(3.49) g/LChemAxon
logS10(-4.3) g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.59ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count23ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count15ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area395.03 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count43ChemAxon
Refractivity306.53 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability138.33 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Predicted Chromatographic Properties

Predicted Kovats Retention Indices

Not Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue Locations
  • Brain
  • Erythrocyte
  • Fibroblasts
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Neuron
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB023547
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID16744945
KEGG Compound IDC03272
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
PubChem Compound20057345
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB IDNot Available
Good Scents IDNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Ohdoi C, Nyhan WL, Kuhara T: Chemical diagnosis of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Jul 15;792(1):123-30. [PubMed:12829005 ]
  2. Ledvinova J, Poupetova H, Hanackova A, Pisacka M, Elleder M: Blood group B glycosphingolipids in alpha-galactosidase deficiency (Fabry disease): influence of secretor status. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1997 Apr 1;1345(2):180-7. [PubMed:9106497 ]
  3. Choudhury A, Dominguez M, Puri V, Sharma DK, Narita K, Wheatley CL, Marks DL, Pagano RE: Rab proteins mediate Golgi transport of caveola-internalized glycosphingolipids and correct lipid trafficking in Niemann-Pick C cells. J Clin Invest. 2002 Jun;109(12):1541-50. [PubMed:12070301 ]
  4. Ogawa-Goto K, Ohta Y, Kubota K, Funamoto N, Abe T, Taki T, Nagashima K: Glycosphingolipids of human peripheral nervous system myelins isolated from cauda equina. J Neurochem. 1993 Oct;61(4):1398-403. [PubMed:7690848 ]
  5. Kannagi R, Fukuda MN, Hakomori S: A new glycolipid antigen isolated from human erythrocyte membranes reacting with antibodies directed to globo-N-tetraosylceramide (globoside). J Biol Chem. 1982 Apr 25;257(8):4438-42. [PubMed:7068643 ]
  6. Kunishita T, Taketomi T: Sphingomyelin storage in a patient with myoclonus epilepsy as a main clinical symptom -- a varient in Niemann-Pick disease type C. Jpn J Exp Med. 1979 Apr;49(2):151-6. [PubMed:113605 ]
  7. Zdebska E, Mendek-Czajkowska E, Ploski R, Woeniewicz B, Koscielak J: Heterozygosity of CDAN II (HEMPAS) gene may be detected by the analysis of erythrocyte membrane glycoconjugates from healthy carriers. Haematologica. 2002 Feb;87(2):126-30. [PubMed:11836161 ]
  8. Dawson G, Kruski AW, Scanu AM: Distribution of glycosphingolipids in the serum lipoproteins of normal human subjects and patients with hypo- and hyperlipidemias. J Lipid Res. 1976 Mar;17(2):125-31. [PubMed:178813 ]
  9. Hansson GC, Wazniowska K, Rock JA, Ness PM, Kickler TS, Shirey RS, Niebyl JR, Zopf D: The glycosphingolipid composition of the placenta of a blood group P fetus delivered by a blood group Pk1 woman and analysis of the anti-globoside antibodies found in maternal serum. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1988 Jan;260(1):168-76. [PubMed:3341739 ]
  10. Tillack TW, Allietta M, Moran RE, Young WW Jr: Localization of globoside and Forssman glycolipids on erythrocyte membranes. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1983 Aug 24;733(1):15-24. [PubMed:6603868 ]
  11. Marcus DM, Naiki M, Kundu SK: Abnormalities in the glycosphingolipid content of human Pk and p erythrocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1976 Sep;73(9):3263-7. [PubMed:1067617 ]
  12. Kundu SK, Steane SM, Bloom JE, Marcus DM: Abnormal glycolipid composition of erythrocytes with a weak P antigen. Vox Sang. 1978 Sep;35(3):160-7. [PubMed:676244 ]
  13. Tatematsu M, Imaida K, Ito N, Togari H, Suzuki Y, Ogiu T: Sandhoff disease. Acta Pathol Jpn. 1981 May;31(3):503-12. [PubMed:7270152 ]
  14. Zdebska E, Anselstetter V, Pacuszka T, Krauze R, Chelstowska A, Heimpel H, Koscielak J: Glycolipids and glycopeptides of red cell membranes in congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia type II (CDA II). Br J Haematol. 1987 Jul;66(3):385-91. [PubMed:3620357 ]
  15. Snyder PD Jr, Krivit W, Sweeley CC: Generalized accumulation of neutral glycosphingolipids with G M2 ganglioside accumulation in the brain. J Lipid Res. 1972 Jan;13(1):128-36. [PubMed:5059190 ]
  16. Leffler H, Lomberg H, Gotschlich E, Hagberg L, Jodal U, Korhonen T, Samuelsson BE, Schoolnik G, Svanborg-Eden C: Chemical and clinical studies on the interaction of Escherichia coli with host glycolipid receptors in urinary tract infection. Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. 1982;33:46-51. [PubMed:6127802 ]
  17. Kijimoto-Ochiai S, Naiki M, Makita A: Defects of glycosyltransferase activities in human fibroblasts of Pk and p blood group phenotypes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1977 Dec;74(12):5407-10. [PubMed:271963 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 59 proteins in total.


General function:
Involved in galactosylceramidase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes the galactose ester bonds of galactosylceramide, galactosylsphingosine, lactosylceramide, and monogalactosyldiglyceride. Enzyme with very low activity responsible for the lysosomal catabolism of galactosylceramide, a major lipid in myelin, kidney and epithelial cells of small intestine and colon.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of some glycolipid via the addition of N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) in alpha-1,3-linkage to some substrate. Glycolipids probably serve for adherence of some pathogens
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in N-acetylglucosaminylphosphatidylinositol de
Specific function:
Involved in the second step of GPI biosynthesis. De-N-acetylation of N-acetylglucosaminyl-phosphatidylinositol.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Converts sphingomyelin to ceramide. Also has phospholipase C activities toward 1,2-diacylglycerolphosphocholine and 1,2-diacylglycerolphosphoglycerol. Isoform 2 and isoform 3 have lost catalytic activity.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Cell wall/membrane/envelope biogenesis
Specific function:
Catalyzes the first glycosylation step in glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, the transfer of glucose to ceramide. May also serve as a "flippase".
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Part of the complex catalyzing the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to phosphatidylinositol, the first step of GPI biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Necessary for the synthesis of N-acetylglucosaminyl-phosphatidylinositol, the very early intermediate in GPI-anchor biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltr
Specific function:
Part of the complex catalyzing the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to phosphatidylinositol, the first step of GPI biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltr
Specific function:
Part of the complex catalyzing the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to phosphatidylinositol, the first step of GPI biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Part of the complex catalyzing the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine from UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to phosphatidylinositol, the first step of GPI biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 59 proteins in total.