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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2009-01-29 16:48:36 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:35:30 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0011623
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB11623
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDecanal
DescriptionDecanal, also known as 1-decyl aldehyde or capraldehyde, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain aldehydes. These are an aldehyde with a chain length containing between 6 and 12 carbon atoms. Thus, decanal is considered to be a fatty aldehyde lipid molecule. Decanal is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral. Decanal exists in all eukaryotes, ranging from yeast to humans. Decanal is a sweet, aldehydic, and citrus tasting compound. Outside of the human body, Decanal is found, on average, in the highest concentration within a few different foods, such as corianders, dills, and gingers and in a lower concentration in limes, sweet oranges, and safflowers. Decanal has also been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as fishes, cauliflowers, citrus, fats and oils, and lemon grass. This could make decanal a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Decanal is a potentially toxic compound. Decanal, with regard to humans, has been found to be associated with several diseases such as uremia, asthma, and perillyl alcohol administration for cancer treatment; decanal has also been linked to the inborn metabolic disorder celiac disease. Decanal occurs naturally and is used in fragrances and flavoring. Chronic exposure of uremic toxins can lead to a number of conditions including renal damage, chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. Uremic toxins tend to accumulate in the blood either through dietary excess or through poor filtration by the kidneys.
Structure
Data?1582752930
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-DecanalChEBI
1-Decyl aldehydeChEBI
CapraldehydeChEBI
CaprinaldehydeChEBI
DecanaldehydeChEBI
N-DecaldehydeChEBI
N-DecanalChEBI
N-Decyl aldehydeChEBI
1-Decanal(mixed isomers)HMDB
Aldehyde C10HMDB
C-10 AldehydeHMDB
Capric aldehydeHMDB
Caprinic aldehydeHMDB
DecaldehydeHMDB
Decanal (acd/name 4.0)HMDB
Decyl aldehydeHMDB
Decylic aldehydeHMDB
N-Decanal (capric aldehyde)HMDB
DecanalMeSH
Chemical FormulaC10H20O
Average Molecular Weight156.2652
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight156.151415262
IUPAC Namedecanal
Traditional Namedecanal
CAS Registry Number112-31-2
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCC=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C10H20O/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11/h10H,2-9H2,1H3
InChI KeyKSMVZQYAVGTKIV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain aldehydes. These are an aldehyde with a chain length containing between 6 and 12 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbonyl compounds
Direct ParentMedium-chain aldehydes
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Medium-chain aldehyde
  • Alpha-hydrogen aldehyde
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0077 g/LALOGPS
logP4.44ALOGPS
logP3.43ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)17.79ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity48.55 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability20.66 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052f-9000000000-7749bc046eaf4c263d51Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052f-9000000000-87164b5c9889aeaf6447Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052f-9000000000-68c403b2d9fe194c1c55Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-05mo-9100000000-d33aea8d64934a73baadSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052f-9000000000-7749bc046eaf4c263d51Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052f-9000000000-87164b5c9889aeaf6447Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052f-9000000000-68c403b2d9fe194c1c55Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-05mo-9100000000-d33aea8d64934a73baadSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05g3-9100000000-74578afa9afd554784e5Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-6M) , Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-27a6eb7adbde8b4df4ebSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80B) , Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-6583e86a6ea49f801678Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HP 5970) , Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-68c403b2d9fe194c1c55Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-6M) , Positivesplash10-05mo-9100000000-d33aea8d64934a73baadSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-2364cb822acc74394aa5Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4r-8900000000-a60793d40772b1ee3917Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-13163f941fae3335f3dcSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-f8919934fe6be4ffd0faSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-2900000000-96f0e3848fdde9ff6026Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9100000000-3a8fd3c6c088c5e11ca6Spectrum
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-052f-9000000000-5c4742446d704137c4cdSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Breath
  • Feces
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.11 +/- 0.03 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.15 +/- 0.06 uMAdult (>18 years old)Bothuremia details
BreathDetected but not Quantified Children (1-13 years old)Not SpecifiedAllergic asthma details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothImmunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) non progressor details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothImmunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) progressor details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Children (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Treated celiac disease
details
UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothBreast cancer details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Uremia
  1. Duranton F, Cohen G, De Smet R, Rodriguez M, Jankowski J, Vanholder R, Argiles A: Normal and pathologic concentrations of uremic toxins. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012 Jul;23(7):1258-70. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2011121175. Epub 2012 May 24. [PubMed:22626821 ]
Asthma
  1. Caldeira M, Perestrelo R, Barros AS, Bilelo MJ, Morete A, Camara JS, Rocha SM: Allergic asthma exhaled breath metabolome: a challenge for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography. J Chromatogr A. 2012 Sep 7;1254:87-97. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2012.07.023. Epub 2012 Jul 16. [PubMed:22835687 ]
Celiac disease
  1. Di Cagno R, De Angelis M, De Pasquale I, Ndagijimana M, Vernocchi P, Ricciuti P, Gagliardi F, Laghi L, Crecchio C, Guerzoni ME, Gobbetti M, Francavilla R: Duodenal and faecal microbiota of celiac children: molecular, phenotype and metabolome characterization. BMC Microbiol. 2011 Oct 4;11:219. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-11-219. [PubMed:21970810 ]
Perillyl alcohol administration for cancer treatment
  1. Silva CL, Passos M, Camara JS: Solid phase microextraction, mass spectrometry and metabolomic approaches for detection of potential urinary cancer biomarkers--a powerful strategy for breast cancer diagnosis. Talanta. 2012 Jan 30;89:360-8. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2011.12.041. Epub 2011 Dec 22. [PubMed:22284503 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB012768
KNApSAcK IDC00030804
Chemspider ID7883
KEGG Compound IDC12307
BioCyc IDCPD-8490
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkDecanal
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound8175
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID31457
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Caldwell GS, Bentley MG, Olive PJ: The use of a brine shrimp (Artemia salina) bioassay to assess the toxicity of diatom extracts and short chain aldehydes. Toxicon. 2003 Sep;42(3):301-6. [PubMed:14559082 ]
  2. Zhang Z, Zhu L, Ma Y, Huang Y, Li G: Preparation of polypyrrole composite solid-phase microextraction fiber coatings by sol-gel technique for the trace analysis of polar biological volatile organic compounds. Analyst. 2013 Feb 21;138(4):1156-66. doi: 10.1039/c2an36231g. [PubMed:23282483 ]
  3. Duranton F, Cohen G, De Smet R, Rodriguez M, Jankowski J, Vanholder R, Argiles A: Normal and pathologic concentrations of uremic toxins. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012 Jul;23(7):1258-70. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2011121175. Epub 2012 May 24. [PubMed:22626821 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Recognizes as substrates free retinal and cellular retinol-binding protein-bound retinal. Does metabolize octanal and decanal but does not metabolize citral, benzaldehyde, acetaldehyde and propanal efficiently (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ALDH1A2
Uniprot ID:
O94788
Molecular weight:
54672.24
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Converts 9-cis-retinal to 9-cis-retinoic acid. Has lower activity towards 13-cis-retinal. Has much lower activity towards all-trans-retinal. Has highest activity with benzaldehyde and decanal (in vitro). Has a preference for NAD, but shows considerable activity with NADP (in vitro)
Gene Name:
ALDH8A1
Uniprot ID:
Q9H2A2
Molecular weight:
53400.9