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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:49 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:39:35 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0014400
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB14400
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDiethylstilbestrol
DescriptionDiethylstilbestrol, also known as DES, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as stilbenes. These are organic compounds containing a 1,2-diphenylethylene moiety. Stilbenes (C6-C2-C6 ) are derived from the common phenylpropene (C6-C3) skeleton building block. The introduction of one or more hydroxyl groups to a phenyl ring lead to stilbenoids. Diethylstilbestrol is a drug which is used in the treatment of prostate cancer. previously used in the prevention of miscarriage or premature delivery in pregnant women prone to miscarriage or premature delivery. Diethylstilbestrol is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Outside of the human body, Diethylstilbestrol is found, on average, in the highest concentration within gram beans. This could make diethylstilbestrol a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Diethylstilbestrol is formally rated as a carcinogen (by IARC 1) and is also a potentially toxic compound. Diethylstilbestrol is a synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen used in the treatment of menopausal and postmenopausal disorders. It was also used formerly as a growth promoter in animals. The combination of an estrogen with a progestin suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitary system, decreasing the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).
Structure
Data?1582753175
Synonyms
ValueSource
DESHMDB
DiethylstilbesterolHMDB
Diethylstilbestrol BPHMDB
DiethylstilboesterolHMDB
DietilestilbestrolHMDB
Percutatrine oestrogenique iscovescoHMDB
Rcra waste number u089HMDB
trans-DiethylstilbesterolHMDB
trans-DiethylstilbestrolHMDB
trans-DiethylstilboesterolHMDB
Chemical FormulaC18H20O2
Average Molecular Weight268.3502
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight268.146329884
IUPAC Name4-[4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)hex-3-en-3-yl]phenol
Traditional NameStil
CAS Registry Number56-53-1
SMILES
CCC(=C(CC)C1=CC=C(O)C=C1)C1=CC=C(O)C=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C18H20O2/c1-3-17(13-5-9-15(19)10-6-13)18(4-2)14-7-11-16(20)12-8-14/h5-12,19-20H,3-4H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyRGLYKWWBQGJZGM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as stilbenes. These are organic compounds containing a 1,2-diphenylethylene moiety. Stilbenes (C6-C2-C6 ) are derived from the common phenylpropene (C6-C3) skeleton building block. The introduction of one or more hydroxyl groups to a phenyl ring lead to stilbenoids.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassStilbenes
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentStilbenes
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Stilbene
  • Phenylpropane
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Phenol
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Environmental role:

Industrial application:

Indirect biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point170.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.011 g/LNot Available
LogP5.07HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.011 g/LALOGPS
logP4.62ALOGPS
logP5.19ChemAxon
logS-4.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)9.13ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area40.46 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity83.24 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability30.69 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-000i-0390000000-d064f732675ea9894f2cSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0awa-1019000000-1cc583dcfd41002dd339Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014i-0290000000-f2a65d0f5428a0bf0096Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0159-0690000000-6b39aa057a8cb6eb1defSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-001i-2950000000-4f5e80bdea64d9365cc7Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-0090000000-9bda79387111e5798094Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-014i-0090000000-7c62326707d11881c098Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00ll-2490000000-de50c09ba9f659d1b047Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00255 details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00255 details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiospecimenValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0.000 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Blood0.000 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00255
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB007498
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID395306
KEGG Compound IDC07620
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkDiethylstilbestrol
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound448537
PDB IDDES
ChEBI ID4531
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Kuchera LK: Postcoital contraception with diethylstilbestrol. JAMA. 1971 Oct 25;218(4):562-3. [PubMed:5171004 ]
  2. Herbst AL, Ulfelder H, Poskanzer DC: Adenocarcinoma of the vagina. Association of maternal stilbestrol therapy with tumor appearance in young women. N Engl J Med. 1971 Apr 15;284(15):878-81. [PubMed:5549830 ]
  3. Authors unspecified: Leuprolide versus diethylstilbestrol for metastatic prostate cancer. N Engl J Med. 1984 Nov 15;311(20):1281-6. [PubMed:6436700 ]
  4. Ingle JN, Ahmann DL, Green SJ, Edmonson JH, Bisel HF, Kvols LK, Nichols WC, Creagan ET, Hahn RG, Rubin J, Frytak S: Randomized clinical trial of diethylstilbestrol versus tamoxifen in postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 1981 Jan 1;304(1):16-21. [PubMed:7001242 ]
  5. DIECKMANN WJ, DAVIS ME, RYNKIEWICZ LM, POTTINGER RE: Does the administration of diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy have therapeutic value? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1953 Nov;66(5):1062-81. [PubMed:13104505 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 13 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the O-methylation, and thereby the inactivation, of catecholamine neurotransmitters and catechol hormones. Also shortens the biological half-lives of certain neuroactive drugs, like L-DOPA, alpha-methyl DOPA and isoproterenol.
Gene Name:
COMT
Uniprot ID:
P21964
Molecular weight:
30036.77
References
  1. Engel LL, Weidenfield J, Merriam GR: Metabolism of diethylstilbestrol by rat liver: a preliminary report. J Toxicol Environ Health Suppl. 1976;1:37-44. [PubMed:11352 ]
General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
Nuclear hormone receptor. Binds estrogens with an affinity similar to that of ESR1, and activates expression of reporter genes containing estrogen response elements (ERE) in an estrogen-dependent manner. Isoform beta-cx lacks ligand binding ability and has no or only very low ere binding activity resulting in the loss of ligand-dependent transactivation ability. DNA- binding by ESR1 and ESR2 is rapidly lost at 37 degrees Celsius in the absence of ligand while in the presence of 17 beta-estradiol and 4-hydroxy-tamoxifen loss in DNA-binding at elevated temperature is more gradual
Gene Name:
ESR2
Uniprot ID:
Q92731
Molecular weight:
59215.8
References
  1. Authors unspecified: Final amended report on the safety assessment of Methylparaben, Ethylparaben, Propylparaben, Isopropylparaben, Butylparaben, Isobutylparaben, and Benzylparaben as used in cosmetic products. Int J Toxicol. 2008;27 Suppl 4:1-82. doi: 10.1080/10915810802548359. [PubMed:19101832 ]
  2. Geistlinger TR, McReynolds AC, Guy RK: Ligand-selective inhibition of the interaction of steroid receptor coactivators and estrogen receptor isoforms. Chem Biol. 2004 Feb;11(2):273-81. [PubMed:15123288 ]
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
Gene Name:
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P22309
Molecular weight:
59590.91
Reactions
Diethylstilbestrol → 3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-{4-[(3Z)-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)hex-3-en-3-yl]phenoxy}oxane-2-carboxylic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Qu YQ, Fang ZZ, Yang L, Gao ZM, Liang R, Zhu LL, Dong PP, Zhang YY, Ge GB, Wang LM: Reversible inhibition of four important human liver cytochrome P450 enzymes by diethylstilbestrol. Pharmazie. 2011 Mar;66(3):216-21. [PubMed:21553654 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenytoin, tolbutamide and losartan.
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular weight:
55627.365
References
  1. Qu YQ, Fang ZZ, Yang L, Gao ZM, Liang R, Zhu LL, Dong PP, Zhang YY, Ge GB, Wang LM: Reversible inhibition of four important human liver cytochrome P450 enzymes by diethylstilbestrol. Pharmazie. 2011 Mar;66(3):216-21. [PubMed:21553654 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Inactivates a number of drugs and xenobiotics and also bioactivates many xenobiotic substrates to their hepatotoxic or carcinogenic forms.
Gene Name:
CYP2E1
Uniprot ID:
P05181
Molecular weight:
56848.42
References
  1. Qu YQ, Fang ZZ, Yang L, Gao ZM, Liang R, Zhu LL, Dong PP, Zhang YY, Ge GB, Wang LM: Reversible inhibition of four important human liver cytochrome P450 enzymes by diethylstilbestrol. Pharmazie. 2011 Mar;66(3):216-21. [PubMed:21553654 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of aromatic C18 estrogens from C19 androgens.
Gene Name:
CYP19A1
Uniprot ID:
P11511
Molecular weight:
57882.48
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. In the epoxidation of arachidonic acid it generates only 14,15- and 11,12-cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. It is the principal enzyme responsible for the metabolism the anti-cancer drug paclitaxel (taxol).
Gene Name:
CYP2C8
Uniprot ID:
P10632
Molecular weight:
55824.275
References
  1. Qu YQ, Fang ZZ, Yang L, Gao ZM, Liang R, Zhu LL, Dong PP, Zhang YY, Ge GB, Wang LM: Reversible inhibition of four important human liver cytochrome P450 enzymes by diethylstilbestrol. Pharmazie. 2011 Mar;66(3):216-21. [PubMed:21553654 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Exhibits a high coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity. Can act in the hydroxylation of the anti-cancer drugs cyclophosphamide and ifosphamide. Competent in the metabolic activation of aflatoxin B1. Constitutes the major nicotine C-oxidase. Acts as a 1,4-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. Possesses low phenacetin O-deethylation activity.
Gene Name:
CYP2A6
Uniprot ID:
P11509
Molecular weight:
56517.005
References
  1. Qu YQ, Fang ZZ, Yang L, Gao ZM, Liang R, Zhu LL, Dong PP, Zhang YY, Ge GB, Wang LM: Reversible inhibition of four important human liver cytochrome P450 enzymes by diethylstilbestrol. Pharmazie. 2011 Mar;66(3):216-21. [PubMed:21553654 ]
General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
Nuclear hormone receptor. The steroid hormones and their receptors are involved in the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Can activate the transcriptional activity of TFF1
Gene Name:
ESR1
Uniprot ID:
P03372
Molecular weight:
66215.4
References
  1. Munoz G, Ovilo C, Estelle J, Silio L, Fernandez A, Rodriguez C: Association with litter size of new polymorphisms on ESR1 and ESR2 genes in a Chinese-European pig line. Genet Sel Evol. 2007 Mar-Apr;39(2):195-206. Epub 2007 Feb 17. [PubMed:17306201 ]
  2. Dixon A, Wells CC, Singh S, Babayan R, Maric C: Renoprotective effects of a selective estrogen receptor modulator, raloxifene, in an animal model of diabetic nephropathy. Am J Nephrol. 2007;27(2):120-8. Epub 2007 Feb 15. [PubMed:17308373 ]
  3. Hart SA, Snyder MA, Smejkalova T, Woolley CS: Estrogen mobilizes a subset of estrogen receptor-alpha-immunoreactive vesicles in inhibitory presynaptic boutons in hippocampal CA1. J Neurosci. 2007 Feb 21;27(8):2102-11. [PubMed:17314305 ]
  4. Baron S, Escande A, Alberola G, Bystricky K, Balaguer P, Richard-Foy H: Estrogen receptor alpha and the activating protein-1 complex cooperate during insulin-like growth factor-I-induced transcriptional activation of the pS2/TFF1 gene. J Biol Chem. 2007 Apr 20;282(16):11732-41. Epub 2007 Feb 22. [PubMed:17317669 ]
  5. Bains M, Cousins JC, Roberts JL: Neuroprotection by estrogen against MPP+-induced dopamine neuron death is mediated by ERalpha in primary cultures of mouse mesencephalon. Exp Neurol. 2007 Apr;204(2):767-76. Epub 2007 Jan 25. [PubMed:17320868 ]
  6. Kwok KC, Cheung NH: Measuring binding kinetics of ligands with tethered receptors by fluorescence polarization and total internal reflection fluorescence. Anal Chem. 2010 May 1;82(9):3819-25. doi: 10.1021/ac1002245. [PubMed:20387803 ]
  7. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells
Gene Name:
ABCB1
Uniprot ID:
P08183
Molecular weight:
141477.3
References
  1. Rao US, Fine RL, Scarborough GA: Antiestrogens and steroid hormones: substrates of the human P-glycoprotein. Biochem Pharmacol. 1994 Jul 19;48(2):287-92. [PubMed:7914405 ]
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Xenobiotic transporter that may play an important role in the exclusion of xenobiotics from the brain. May be involved in brain-to-blood efflux. Appears to play a major role in the multidrug resistance phenotype of several cancer cell lines. When overexpressed, the transfected cells become resistant to mitoxantrone, daunorubicin and doxorubicin, display diminished intracellular accumulation of daunorubicin, and manifest an ATP- dependent increase in the efflux of rhodamine 123
Gene Name:
ABCG2
Uniprot ID:
Q9UNQ0
Molecular weight:
72313.5
References
  1. Sugimoto Y, Tsukahara S, Imai Y, Sugimoto Y, Ueda K, Tsuruo T: Reversal of breast cancer resistance protein-mediated drug resistance by estrogen antagonists and agonists. Mol Cancer Ther. 2003 Jan;2(1):105-12. [PubMed:12533678 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 13 proteins in total.