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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:41:54 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0015595
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB15595
Metabolite Identification
Common NameNilotinib
DescriptionNilotinib, also known as AMN 107 or tasigna, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as benzanilides. These are aromatic compounds containing an anilide group in which the carboxamide group is substituted with a benzene ring. They have the general structure RNC(=O)R', where R,R'= benzene. Nilotinib is a drug which is used for the potential treatment of various leukemias, including chronic myeloid leukemia (cml). The ability of Nilotinib to inhibit TEL-platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta (TEL-PDGFRbeta), which causes chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia, and FIP1-like-1-PDGFRalpha, which causes hypereosinophilic syndrome, suggests potential use of Nilotinib for myeloproliferative diseases characterised by these kinase fusions (Stover et al, 2005; Weisberg et al, 2005). Nilotinib is a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). In humans, nilotinib is involved in nilotinib inhibition of bcr-abl. Nilotinib fits into the ATP-binding site of the BCR-ABL protein with higher affinity than imatinib, over-riding resistance caused by mutations. Chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) is caused by the BCR-ABL oncogene. Nilotinib also inhibits the c-Kit receptor kinase, including the D816V-mutated variant of KIT, at pharmacologically achievable concentrations, supporting potential utility in the treatment of mastocytosis, and gastrointestinal stromal tumours (Weisberg et al, 2005; von Bubnoff et al, 2005; Gleixner et al, 2006). Nilotinib inhibits the tyrosine kinase activity of the BCR-ABL protein. Nilotinib is a transduction inhibitor that targets BCR-ABL, c-kit and PDGF, for the potential treatment of various leukemias, including chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
Structure
Data?1582753314
Synonyms
ValueSource
AMN 107ChEBI
AMN107ChEBI
NilotinibumChEBI
AMN-107HMDB
4-Methyl-N-(3-(4-methylimidazol-1-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-3-((4-pyridin-3-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)amino)benzamideHMDB
TasignaHMDB
Chemical FormulaC28H22F3N7O
Average Molecular Weight529.5158
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight529.183792976
IUPAC Name4-methyl-N-[3-(4-methyl-1H-imidazol-1-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-{[4-(pyridin-3-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl]amino}benzamide
Traditional Namenilotinib
CAS Registry Number641571-10-0
SMILES
CC1=CN(C=N1)C1=CC(=CC(NC(=O)C2=CC(NC3=NC=CC(=N3)C3=CN=CC=C3)=C(C)C=C2)=C1)C(F)(F)F
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C28H22F3N7O/c1-17-5-6-19(10-25(17)37-27-33-9-7-24(36-27)20-4-3-8-32-14-20)26(39)35-22-11-21(28(29,30)31)12-23(13-22)38-15-18(2)34-16-38/h3-16H,1-2H3,(H,35,39)(H,33,36,37)
InChI KeyHHZIURLSWUIHRB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as benzanilides. These are aromatic compounds containing an anilide group in which the carboxamide group is substituted with a benzene ring. They have the general structure RNC(=O)R', where R,R'= benzene.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassAnilides
Direct ParentBenzanilides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Benzanilide
  • Pyridinylpyrimidine
  • 1-phenylimidazole
  • Trifluoromethylbenzene
  • Aminobenzoic acid or derivatives
  • P-toluamide
  • Toluamide
  • Benzamide
  • Benzoic acid or derivatives
  • Benzoyl
  • Aniline or substituted anilines
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Toluene
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Pyridine
  • Pyrimidine
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Imidazole
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary amine
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Alkyl fluoride
  • Amine
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organofluoride
  • Alkyl halide
  • Organic oxide
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.002 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.002 g/LALOGPS
logP4.51ALOGPS
logP4.41ChemAxon
logS-5.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.86ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)6.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area97.62 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity152.85 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability52.35 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0ikl-1581090000-f3ff28a7e47f43df6854Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-004i-0000090000-c81d93ae83b54aaca2f4Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-004i-0000090000-2a5b68b4c129b14bb357Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-0006-0090010000-4d81b7c6e95b1601807cSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-0006-0290000000-5cdcf0a130834a5ce0faSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-006x-1980000000-fe1aac1a4cf8b0cf243fSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-0089-4920000000-41fd6570440f9acb13a2Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-001i-9300000000-3dde52b181ab459e7373Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-001i-9000000000-2fbed5a3e77fb33d74f6Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-0gc1-9000000000-8d60ba6c0beff21b5cebSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-001i-0000090000-ad94cdcfe3b41c7e6e1cSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-053i-0095050000-60d1fbdd2ffcd3cc7cb3Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-08fr-0091000000-0b24555ab7c56e04ca80Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-08fr-0090000000-dac0910c08fc1e3b20b1Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-0a4i-0190000000-5cc32e0bf9ad1cbe4ae8Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-0a4i-0390000000-7834bc808d80c86e0918Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-0a4l-3890000000-c8db809bdbc2f49eb4dbSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-0a6v-6940000000-2febde67f881b42dd11eSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , positivesplash10-0h0a-9720000000-5868b8d3e3c7531fdfcdSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-001i-0181090000-fac2f8f712c3e67b317eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-0000090000-f07d1f6020c8c7f38f89Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-5051090000-5470a69eab4abb02779fSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0fu6-9260010000-f93dd601033375e62e99Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-001i-0010090000-21389953e42e185a422dSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0019-0190260000-4486f1db70e353c11326Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03di-2190000000-e2432a8a7fc8206d80eaSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB04868 details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB04868 details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB04868
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID559260
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNilotinib
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound644241
PDB IDNIL
ChEBI ID52172
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Kantarjian H, Giles F, Wunderle L, Bhalla K, O'Brien S, Wassmann B, Tanaka C, Manley P, Rae P, Mietlowski W, Bochinski K, Hochhaus A, Griffin JD, Hoelzer D, Albitar M, Dugan M, Cortes J, Alland L, Ottmann OG: Nilotinib in imatinib-resistant CML and Philadelphia chromosome-positive ALL. N Engl J Med. 2006 Jun 15;354(24):2542-51. [PubMed:16775235 ]
  2. Jabbour E, Cortes J, Giles F, O'Brien S, Kantarijan H: Drug evaluation: Nilotinib - a novel Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of chronic myelocytic leukemia and beyond. IDrugs. 2007 Jul;10(7):468-79. [PubMed:17642017 ]
  3. Kantarjian HM, Giles F, Gattermann N, Bhalla K, Alimena G, Palandri F, Ossenkoppele GJ, Nicolini FE, O'Brien SG, Litzow M, Bhatia R, Cervantes F, Haque A, Shou Y, Resta DJ, Weitzman A, Hochhaus A, le Coutre P: Nilotinib (formerly AMN107), a highly selective BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is effective in patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia in chronic phase following imatinib resistance and intolerance. Blood. 2007 Nov 15;110(10):3540-6. Epub 2007 Aug 22. [PubMed:17715389 ]
  4. Breccia M, Cannella L, Nanni M, Stefanizzi C, Alimena G: Nilotinib can override dasatinib resistance in chronic myeloid leukemia patients with secondary resistance to imatinib first-line therapy. Acta Haematol. 2007;118(3):162-4. Epub 2007 Sep 20. [PubMed:17890849 ]
  5. Maekawa T, Ashihara E, Kimura S: The Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib and promising new agents against Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemias. Int J Clin Oncol. 2007 Oct;12(5):327-40. Epub 2007 Oct 22. [PubMed:17929114 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
Gene Name:
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P22309
Molecular weight:
59590.91
References
  1. Haouala A, Widmer N, Duchosal MA, Montemurro M, Buclin T, Decosterd LA: Drug interactions with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib. Blood. 2011 Feb 24;117(8):e75-87. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-07-294330. Epub 2010 Sep 1. [PubMed:20810928 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Tanaka C, Yin OQ, Smith T, Sethuraman V, Grouss K, Galitz L, Harrell R, Schran H: Effects of rifampin and ketoconazole on the pharmacokinetics of nilotinib in healthy participants. J Clin Pharmacol. 2011 Jan;51(1):75-83. doi: 10.1177/0091270010367428. Epub 2010 Aug 11. [PubMed:20702754 ]
  2. Haouala A, Widmer N, Duchosal MA, Montemurro M, Buclin T, Decosterd LA: Drug interactions with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib. Blood. 2011 Feb 24;117(8):e75-87. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-07-294330. Epub 2010 Sep 1. [PubMed:20810928 ]
  3. Yin OQ, Gallagher N, Tanaka C, Fisher D, Sethuraman V, Zhou W, Lin TH, Heuman D, Schran H: Effects of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of nilotinib: an open-label, single-dose, parallel-group study. Clin Ther. 2009;31 Pt 2:2459-69. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2009.11.015. [PubMed:20110053 ]
  4. Deremer DL, Ustun C, Natarajan K: Nilotinib: a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia. Clin Ther. 2008 Nov;30(11):1956-75. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2008.11.014. [PubMed:19108785 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenytoin, tolbutamide and losartan.
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular weight:
55627.365
References
  1. Yin OQ, Gallagher N, Fischer D, Zhao L, Zhou W, Leroy E, Golor G, Schran H: Effects of nilotinib on single-dose warfarin pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics: a randomized, single-blind, two-period crossover study in healthy subjects. Clin Drug Investig. 2011;31(3):169-79. doi: 10.2165/11538700-000000000-00000. [PubMed:21184622 ]
  2. Haouala A, Widmer N, Duchosal MA, Montemurro M, Buclin T, Decosterd LA: Drug interactions with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib. Blood. 2011 Feb 24;117(8):e75-87. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-07-294330. Epub 2010 Sep 1. [PubMed:20810928 ]
General function:
Involved in non-membrane spanning protein tyrosine kinase activity
Specific function:
Protein kinase that regulates key processes linked to cell growth and survival. Regulates cytoskeleton remodeling during cell differentiation, cell division and cell adhesion. Localizes to dynamic actin structures, and phosphorylates CRK and CRKL, DOK1, and other proteins controlling cytoskeleton dynamics. Regulates DNA repair potentially by activating the proapoptotic pathway when the DNA damage is too severe to be repaired. Phosphorylates PSMA7 that leads to an inhibition of proteasomal activity and cell cycle transition blocks
Gene Name:
ABL1
Uniprot ID:
P00519
Molecular weight:
122871.4
References
  1. Maekawa T, Ashihara E, Kimura S: The Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib and promising new agents against Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemias. Int J Clin Oncol. 2007 Oct;12(5):327-40. Epub 2007 Oct 22. [PubMed:17929114 ]
  2. Kantarjian HM, Giles F, Gattermann N, Bhalla K, Alimena G, Palandri F, Ossenkoppele GJ, Nicolini FE, O'Brien SG, Litzow M, Bhatia R, Cervantes F, Haque A, Shou Y, Resta DJ, Weitzman A, Hochhaus A, le Coutre P: Nilotinib (formerly AMN107), a highly selective BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is effective in patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia in chronic phase following imatinib resistance and intolerance. Blood. 2007 Nov 15;110(10):3540-6. Epub 2007 Aug 22. [PubMed:17715389 ]
  3. Weisberg E, Manley P, Mestan J, Cowan-Jacob S, Ray A, Griffin JD: AMN107 (nilotinib): a novel and selective inhibitor of BCR-ABL. Br J Cancer. 2006 Jun 19;94(12):1765-9. Epub 2006 May 23. [PubMed:16721371 ]
  4. Swords R, Mahalingam D, Padmanabhan S, Carew J, Giles F: Nilotinib: optimal therapy for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia and resistance or intolerance to imatinib. Drug Des Devel Ther. 2009 Sep 21;3:89-101. [PubMed:19920925 ]
  5. Rosti G, Palandri F, Castagnetti F, Breccia M, Levato L, Gugliotta G, Capucci A, Cedrone M, Fava C, Intermesoli T, Cambrin GR, Stagno F, Tiribelli M, Amabile M, Luatti S, Poerio A, Soverini S, Testoni N, Martinelli G, Alimena G, Pane F, Saglio G, Baccarani M: Nilotinib for the frontline treatment of Ph(+) chronic myeloid leukemia. Blood. 2009 Dec 3;114(24):4933-8. doi: 10.1182/blood-2009-07-232595. Epub 2009 Oct 12. [PubMed:19822896 ]
General function:
Involved in protein kinase activity
Specific function:
This is the receptor for stem cell factor (mast cell growth factor). It has a tyrosine-protein kinase activity. Binding of the ligands leads to the autophosphorylation of KIT and its association with substrates such as phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (Pi3K)
Gene Name:
KIT
Uniprot ID:
P10721
Molecular weight:
109863.7
References
  1. Guo T, Agaram NP, Wong GC, Hom G, D'Adamo D, Maki RG, Schwartz GK, Veach D, Clarkson BD, Singer S, DeMatteo RP, Besmer P, Antonescu CR: Sorafenib inhibits the imatinib-resistant KITT670I gatekeeper mutation in gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Clin Cancer Res. 2007 Aug 15;13(16):4874-81. [PubMed:17699867 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes. It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic antidepressants.
Gene Name:
CYP2D6
Uniprot ID:
P10635
Molecular weight:
55768.94
References
  1. Haouala A, Widmer N, Duchosal MA, Montemurro M, Buclin T, Decosterd LA: Drug interactions with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib. Blood. 2011 Feb 24;117(8):e75-87. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-07-294330. Epub 2010 Sep 1. [PubMed:20810928 ]
  2. Deremer DL, Ustun C, Natarajan K: Nilotinib: a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia. Clin Ther. 2008 Nov;30(11):1956-75. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2008.11.014. [PubMed:19108785 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,4-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase.
Gene Name:
CYP2B6
Uniprot ID:
P20813
Molecular weight:
56277.81
References
  1. Haouala A, Widmer N, Duchosal MA, Montemurro M, Buclin T, Decosterd LA: Drug interactions with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib. Blood. 2011 Feb 24;117(8):e75-87. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-07-294330. Epub 2010 Sep 1. [PubMed:20810928 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. In the epoxidation of arachidonic acid it generates only 14,15- and 11,12-cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. It is the principal enzyme responsible for the metabolism the anti-cancer drug paclitaxel (taxol).
Gene Name:
CYP2C8
Uniprot ID:
P10632
Molecular weight:
55824.275
References
  1. Haouala A, Widmer N, Duchosal MA, Montemurro M, Buclin T, Decosterd LA: Drug interactions with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib. Blood. 2011 Feb 24;117(8):e75-87. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-07-294330. Epub 2010 Sep 1. [PubMed:20810928 ]
  2. Deremer DL, Ustun C, Natarajan K: Nilotinib: a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia. Clin Ther. 2008 Nov;30(11):1956-75. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2008.11.014. [PubMed:19108785 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells
Gene Name:
ABCB1
Uniprot ID:
P08183
Molecular weight:
141477.3
References
  1. Tiwari AK, Sodani K, Wang SR, Kuang YH, Ashby CR Jr, Chen X, Chen ZS: Nilotinib (AMN107, Tasigna) reverses multidrug resistance by inhibiting the activity of the ABCB1/Pgp and ABCG2/BCRP/MXR transporters. Biochem Pharmacol. 2009 Jul 15;78(2):153-61. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2009.04.002. Epub 2009 Apr 11. [PubMed:19427995 ]
  2. Hegedus C, Ozvegy-Laczka C, Apati A, Magocsi M, Nemet K, Orfi L, Keri G, Katona M, Takats Z, Varadi A, Szakacs G, Sarkadi B: Interaction of nilotinib, dasatinib and bosutinib with ABCB1 and ABCG2: implications for altered anti-cancer effects and pharmacological properties. Br J Pharmacol. 2009 Oct;158(4):1153-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2009.00383.x. Epub 2009 Sep 28. [PubMed:19785662 ]
  3. Haouala A, Widmer N, Duchosal MA, Montemurro M, Buclin T, Decosterd LA: Drug interactions with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib. Blood. 2011 Feb 24;117(8):e75-87. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-07-294330. Epub 2010 Sep 1. [PubMed:20810928 ]
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Xenobiotic transporter that may play an important role in the exclusion of xenobiotics from the brain. May be involved in brain-to-blood efflux. Appears to play a major role in the multidrug resistance phenotype of several cancer cell lines. When overexpressed, the transfected cells become resistant to mitoxantrone, daunorubicin and doxorubicin, display diminished intracellular accumulation of daunorubicin, and manifest an ATP- dependent increase in the efflux of rhodamine 123
Gene Name:
ABCG2
Uniprot ID:
Q9UNQ0
Molecular weight:
72313.5
References
  1. Tiwari AK, Sodani K, Wang SR, Kuang YH, Ashby CR Jr, Chen X, Chen ZS: Nilotinib (AMN107, Tasigna) reverses multidrug resistance by inhibiting the activity of the ABCB1/Pgp and ABCG2/BCRP/MXR transporters. Biochem Pharmacol. 2009 Jul 15;78(2):153-61. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2009.04.002. Epub 2009 Apr 11. [PubMed:19427995 ]
  2. Hegedus C, Ozvegy-Laczka C, Apati A, Magocsi M, Nemet K, Orfi L, Keri G, Katona M, Takats Z, Varadi A, Szakacs G, Sarkadi B: Interaction of nilotinib, dasatinib and bosutinib with ABCB1 and ABCG2: implications for altered anti-cancer effects and pharmacological properties. Br J Pharmacol. 2009 Oct;158(4):1153-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2009.00383.x. Epub 2009 Sep 28. [PubMed:19785662 ]
  3. Haouala A, Widmer N, Duchosal MA, Montemurro M, Buclin T, Decosterd LA: Drug interactions with the tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib. Blood. 2011 Feb 24;117(8):e75-87. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-07-294330. Epub 2010 Sep 1. [PubMed:20810928 ]