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Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:41:57 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB15624
Metabolite Identification
Common NameIcatibant
DescriptionIcatibant, also known as JE049 or HOE 140, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as oligopeptides. These are organic compounds containing a sequence of between three and ten alpha-amino acids joined by peptide bonds. Bradykinin plays an important role in the mediation of pain as surplus bradykinin is partly responsible for producing signs of inflammation by activating bradykinin B2 receptors. Icatibant is a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). Bradykinin is a peptide-based hormone that is formed locally in tissues in response to a trauma and acts to increases vessel permeability, dilates blood vessels and causes smooth muscle cells to contract. It has a modified peptide structure, and is the first bradykinin receptor antagonist to act on the guinea-pig trachea without demonstrating agonist effects. In patients with HAE, they have an absent or dysfunctional C1-esterase inhibitor. The cytochrome P450 enzyme system is not involved with the metabolism of icatibant. Icatibant (Firazyr) is a peptidomimetic drug consisting of ten amino acids, which is an effective and specific antagonist of bradykinin B2 receptors. Icatibant currently has orphan drug status in the United States and FDA approved on August 25, 2011.
Hoechst 140HMDB
Icatibant acetateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC59H89N19O13S
Average Molecular Weight1304.522
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1303.660794719
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-{[(3aS,7aS)-1-{2-[(2S)-2-[(2S)-2-(2-{[(4R)-1-(1-{2-[(2R)-2-amino-5-[(diaminomethylidene)amino]pentanamido]-5-[(diaminomethylidene)amino]pentanoyl}pyrrolidine-2-carbonyl)-4-hydroxypyrrolidin-2-yl]formamido}acetamido)-3-(thiophen-2-yl)propanamido]-3-hydroxypropanoyl]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carbonyl}-octahydro-1H-indol-2-yl]formamido}-5-[(diaminomethylidene)amino]pentanoic acid
Traditional Nameicatibant
CAS Registry Number130308-48-4
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as oligopeptides. These are organic compounds containing a sequence of between three and ten alpha-amino acids joined by peptide bonds.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentOligopeptides
Alternative Parents
  • Alpha-oligopeptide
  • Proline or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-l-alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid amide
  • N-substituted-alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Tetrahydroisoquinoline
  • Indole or derivatives
  • N-acylpyrrolidine
  • Pyrrolidine carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty amide
  • Benzenoid
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Thiophene
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Pyrrolidine
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carboxamide group
  • Guanidine
  • Amino acid
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Azacycle
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboximidamide
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Primary amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available

Biological location:


Industrial application:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.057 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.057 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.46ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)11.45ChemAxon
Physiological Charge3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count23ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count15ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area523.72 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count30ChemAxon
Refractivity332.91 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability137.03 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00gr-0691030200-f4034e2b8591e5c7dc90Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00fr-3950020400-0bec86946a9c590e3f8fSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0259-6930010300-8cc169eccb32d7bc5778Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0hhc-0090000000-7ca39d623eee7b68641eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-05nf-1190000000-f36973e3c45e2e9ff484Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a6u-9520121111-b1ecb866c5afc970c045Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB06196 details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB06196 details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB06196
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID64461
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkIcatibant
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound71364
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Cockcroft JR, Chowienczyk PJ, Brett SE, Bender N, Ritter JM: Inhibition of bradykinin-induced vasodilation in human forearm vasculature by icatibant, a potent B2-receptor antagonist. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1994 Oct;38(4):317-21. [PubMed:7833220 ]
  2. Bork K, Frank J, Grundt B, Schlattmann P, Nussberger J, Kreuz W: Treatment of acute edema attacks in hereditary angioedema with a bradykinin receptor-2 antagonist (Icatibant). J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007 Jun;119(6):1497-503. Epub 2007 Apr 5. [PubMed:17418383 ]


General function:
Involved in proteolysis
Specific function:
Broad specificity aminopeptidase. Plays a role in the final digestion of peptides generated from hydrolysis of proteins by gastric and pancreatic proteases. May play a critical role in the pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstone disease. May be involved in the metabolism of regulatory peptides of diverse cell types, responsible for the processing of peptide hormones, such as angiotensin III and IV, neuropeptides, and chemokines. Found to cleave antigen peptides bound to major histocompatibility complex class II molecules of presenting cells and to degrade neurotransmitters at synaptic junctions. Is also implicated as a regulator of IL-8 bioavailability in the endometrium, and therefore may contribute to the regulation of angiogenesis. Is used as a marker for acute myeloid leukemia and plays a role in tumor invasion. In case of human coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E) infection, serves as receptor for HCoV-229E spike glycoprotein. Mediates as well human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Not Available
  1. Bawolak MT, Fortin JP, Vogel LK, Adam A, Marceau F: The bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist icatibant (Hoe 140) blocks aminopeptidase N at micromolar concentrations: off-target alterations of signaling mediated by the bradykinin B1 and angiotensin receptors. Eur J Pharmacol. 2006 Dec 3;551(1-3):108-11. Epub 2006 Sep 8. [PubMed:17026984 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Receptor for bradykinin. It is associated with G proteins that activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
  1. Privitera PJ, Beckstead RM, Yates P, Walgren R: Autoradiographic localization of [125I-Tyr0]bradykinin binding sites in brains of Wistar-Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2003 Oct;23(4-5):805-15. [PubMed:14514033 ]
  2. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352 ]