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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2007-05-23 14:16:16 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:26:29 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0006523
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0003951
  • HMDB03951
  • HMDB06523
Metabolite Identification
Common NameArachidonyl-CoA
DescriptionArachidonyl-CoA is an intermediate in Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids. Arachidonyl-CoA is produced from 8,11,14-Eicosatrienoyl-CoA via the enzyme fatty acid desaturase 1 (EC 1.14.19.-). It is then converted to Arachidonic acid via the enzymepalmitoyl-CoA hydrolase (EC 3.1.2.2).
Structure
Data?1582752389
Synonyms
ValueSource
(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-Icosatetraenoyl-CoAHMDB
(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-Icosatetraenoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Arachidonoyl-CoAHMDB
Arachidonoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Arachidonyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC41H66N7O17P3S
Average Molecular Weight1053.986
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1053.344873947
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-3-{[2-({2-[(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-icosa-5,8,11,14-tetraenoylsulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-2,2-dimethylpropoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3R)-3-hydroxy-3-{[2-({2-[(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-icosa-5,8,11,14-tetraenoylsulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-2,2-dimethylpropoxyphosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry Number17046-56-9
SMILES
CCCCC\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/CCCC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@@](O)([H])C(C)(C)COP(=O)(O)OP(=O)(O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H](C(O)[C@H]1OP(=O)(O)O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C41H66N7O17P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-32(50)69-25-24-43-31(49)22-23-44-39(53)36(52)41(2,3)27-62-68(59,60)65-67(57,58)61-26-30-35(64-66(54,55)56)34(51)40(63-30)48-29-47-33-37(42)45-28-46-38(33)48/h8-9,11-12,14-15,17-18,28-30,34-36,40,51-52H,4-7,10,13,16,19-27H2,1-3H3,(H,43,49)(H,44,53)(H,57,58)(H,59,60)(H2,42,45,46)(H2,54,55,56)/b9-8-,12-11-,15-14-,18-17-/t30-,34?,35+,36+,40-/m1/s1
InChI KeyJDEPVTUUCBFJIW-BSQIERQBSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain 3-oxoacyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A derivative, which is 3-oxo acylated long aliphatic chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentLong-chain 3-oxoacyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • 1,3-dicarbonyl compound
  • Imidolactam
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.45 g/LALOGPS
logP3.38ALOGPS
logP-0.16ChemAxon
logS-3.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count34ChemAxon
Refractivity259.52 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability101.77 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-4901120200-4859b4230d99a6a0d7a6Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-1912140000-c098910d9c93f237c9abSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900010000-0bb8926b8514332cec9cSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001r-9752430500-66ce0b7d03ea624642b7Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-4920210100-75778086a24d062a1af2Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-5900100000-870abaa3bb8c15eca18aSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
  • Peroxisome
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB023958
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID17220831
KEGG Compound IDC02249
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID2218697
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound16061152
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDARACHDCOA
References
Synthesis ReferenceLucet-Levannier, Karine; Lellouche, Jean-Paul; Mioskowski, Charles. Polysilylated coenzyme A for a high-yielding preparation of very lipophilic acyl coenzymes A in anhydrous organic solvents. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1995), 117(28), 7546-
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in thiolester hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Involved in bile acid metabolism. In liver hepatocytes catalyzes the second step in the conjugation of C24 bile acids (choloneates) to glycine and taurine before excretion into bile canaliculi. The major components of bile are cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid. In a first step the bile acids are converted to an acyl-CoA thioester, either in peroxisomes (primary bile acids deriving from the cholesterol pathway), or cytoplasmic at the endoplasmic reticulum (secondary bile acids). May catalyze the conjugation of primary or secondary bile acids, or both. The conjugation increases the detergent properties of bile acids in the intestine, which facilitates lipid and fat-soluble vitamin absorption. In turn, bile acids are deconjugated by bacteria in the intestine and are recycled back to the liver for reconjugation (secondary bile acids). May also act as an acyl-CoA thioesterase that regulates intracellular levels of free fatty acids. In vitro, catalyzes the hydrolysis of long- and very long-chain saturated acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), and conjugates glycine to these acyl-CoAs.
Gene Name:
BAAT
Uniprot ID:
Q14032
Molecular weight:
46298.865
General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA thioesterases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), providing the potential to regulate intracellular levels of acyl-CoAs, free fatty acids and CoASH. May play an important physiological function in brain. May play a regulatory role by modulating the cellular levels of fatty acyl-CoA ligands for certain transcription factors as well as the substrates for fatty acid metabolizing enzymes, contributing to lipid homeostasis. Has broad specificity, active towards fatty acyl-CoAs with chain-lengths of C8-C18. Has a maximal activity toward palmitoyl-CoA.
Gene Name:
ACOT7
Uniprot ID:
O00154
Molecular weight:
40454.945
Reactions
Arachidonyl-CoA + Water → Coenzyme A + Arachidonic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in thiolester hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA thioesterases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), providing the potential to regulate intracellular levels of acyl-CoAs, free fatty acids and CoASH. Displays high levels of activity on medium- and long chain acyl CoAs.
Gene Name:
ACOT2
Uniprot ID:
P49753
Molecular weight:
53218.02
Reactions
Arachidonyl-CoA + Water → Coenzyme A + Arachidonic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in thiolester hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA thioesterases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), providing the potential to regulate intracellular levels of acyl-CoAs, free fatty acids and CoASH (By similarity). Succinyl-CoA thioesterase that also hydrolyzes long chain saturated and unsaturated monocarboxylic acyl-CoAs.
Gene Name:
ACOT4
Uniprot ID:
Q8N9L9
Molecular weight:
46326.09
Reactions
Arachidonyl-CoA + Water → Coenzyme A + Arachidonic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA thioesterase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA thioesterases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), providing the potential to regulate intracellular levels of acyl-CoAs, free fatty acids and CoASH. May mediate Nef-induced down-regulation of CD4. Major thioesterase in peroxisomes. Competes with BAAT (Bile acid CoA: amino acid N-acyltransferase) for bile acid-CoA substrate (such as chenodeoxycholoyl-CoA). Shows a preference for medium-length fatty acyl-CoAs (By similarity). May be involved in the metabolic regulation of peroxisome proliferation.
Gene Name:
ACOT8
Uniprot ID:
O14734
Molecular weight:
35914.02
General function:
Involved in thiolester hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA thioesterases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), providing the potential to regulate intracellular levels of acyl-CoAs, free fatty acids and CoASH. Active towards fatty acyl-CoA with chain-lengths of C12-C16 (By similarity).
Gene Name:
ACOT1
Uniprot ID:
Q86TX2
Molecular weight:
46276.96
Reactions
Arachidonyl-CoA + Water → Coenzyme A + Arachidonic aciddetails