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Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2008-09-12 01:29:01 UTC
Update Date2022-11-30 19:03:08 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB07961
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePC(15:0/P-16:0)
DescriptionPC(15:0/P-16:0) is a phosphatidylcholine (PC or GPCho). It is a glycerophospholipid in which a phosphorylcholine moiety occupies a glycerol substitution site. As is the case with diacylglycerols, glycerophosphocholines can have many different combinations of fatty acids of varying lengths and saturation attached at the C-1 and C-2 positions. Fatty acids containing 16, 18 and 20 carbons are the most common. PC(15:0/P-16:0), in particular, consists of one chain of pentadecanoic acid at the C-1 position and one chain of plasmalogen 16:0 at the C-2 position. The pentadecanoic acid moiety is derived from dairy products and milk fat, while the plasmalogen 16:0 moiety is derived from animal fats, liver and kidney. Phospholipids, are ubiquitous in nature and are key components of the lipid bilayer of cells, as well as being involved in metabolism and signaling. While most phospholipids have a saturated fatty acid on C-1 and an unsaturated fatty acid on C-2 of the glycerol backbone, the fatty acid distribution at the C-1 and C-2 positions of glycerol within phospholipids is continually in flux, owing to phospholipid degradation and the continuous phospholipid remodeling that occurs while these molecules are in membranes. PCs can be synthesized via three different routes. In one route, choline is activated first by phosphorylation and then by coupling to CDP prior to attachment to phosphatidic acid. PCs can also synthesized by the addition of choline to CDP-activated 1,2-diacylglycerol. A third route to PC synthesis involves the conversion of either PS or PE to PC. Plasmalogens are glycerol ether phospholipids. They are of two types, alkyl ether (-O-CH2-) and alkenyl ether (-O-CH=CH-). Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) serves as the glycerol precursor for the synthesis of plasmalogens. Three major classes of plasmalogens have been identified: choline, ethanolamine and serine derivatives. Ethanolamine plasmalogen is prevalent in myelin. Choline plasmalogen is abundant in cardiac tissue. Usually, the highest proportion of the plasmalogen form is in the ethanolamine class with rather less in choline, and commonly little or none in other phospholipids such as phosphatidylinositol. In choline plasmalogens of most tissues, a higher proportion is often of the O-alkyl rather than the O-alkenyl form, but the reverse tends to be true in heart lipids. In animal tissues, the alkyl and alkenyl moieties in both non-polar and phospholipids tend to be rather simple in composition with 16:0, 18:0 and 18:1 (double bond in position 9) predominating. Ether analogues of triacylglycerols, i.e. 1-alkyldiacyl-sn-glycerols, are present at trace levels only if at all in most animal tissues, but they can be major components of some marine lipids.
Chemical FormulaC39H78NO7P
Average Molecular Weight704.0129
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight703.551590367
IUPAC Name[2-({2-[(1Z)-hexadec-1-en-1-yloxy]-3-(pentadecanoyloxy)propyl phosphonato}oxy)ethyl]trimethylazanium
Traditional Namelecithin
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1-acyl,2-(1z-alkenyl)-glycerophosphocholines. These are glycerophosphocholines that carry exactly one acyl chain attached to the glycerol moiety through an ester linkage at the O1-position, and one 1Z-alkenyl chain attached through an ether linkage at the O2-position.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassGlycerophosphocholines
Direct Parent1-acyl,2-(1Z-alkenyl)-glycerophosphocholines
Alternative Parents
  • 1-acyl,2-(1z-alkenyl)-glycerophosphocholine
  • Phosphocholine
  • Glycerol vinyl ether
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty acyl
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Tetraalkylammonium salt
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physiological effect
Naturally occurring process