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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2008-10-29 14:21:14 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:34:33 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0011146
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0011184
  • HMDB11146
  • HMDB11184
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDG(O-16:0/18:0/0:0)
Description2-Octadecanoyl-1-hexadecyl-sn-glycerol is an intermediate in ether lipid metabolism. 2-Octadecanoyl-1-hexadecyl-sn-glycerol is converted from 2-octadecanoyl-1-hexadecyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate via phosphatidate phosphatase (EC: 3.1.3.4). Ether lipids are lipids in which one or more of the carbon atoms on glycerol is bonded to an alkyl chain via an ether linkage, as opposed to the usual ester linkage. Ether lipids are called plasmalogens (1-O-1'-alkenyl-2-acylglycerophospholipids) if these are glycerol-containing phospholipids with an unsaturated O-(1-alkenyl) (vinyl ether) group at the first position on the glycerol chain. Plasmalogens as well as some 1-O-alkyl lipids are ubiquitous and sometimes major parts of the cell membranes in mammals and anaerobic bacteria. In archaea, ether lipids are the major polar lipids in the cell envelope and their abundance is one of the major characteristics that separate this group of prokaryotes from the bacteria. In these cells, diphytanylglycerolipids or bipolar macrocyclic tetraethers can form covalently linked 'bilayers'.
Structure
Data?1582752873
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-Octadecanoyl-1-hexadecyl-sn-glycerolHMDB
DG(O-16:0/18:0/0:0)HMDB
(2S)-1-(Hexadecyloxy)-3-hydroxypropan-2-yl octadecanoic acidGenerator
Chemical FormulaC37H74O4
Average Molecular Weight582.9811
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight582.558710856
IUPAC Name(2S)-1-(hexadecyloxy)-3-hydroxypropan-2-yl octadecanoate
Traditional Name(2S)-1-(hexadecyloxy)-3-hydroxypropan-2-yl octadecanoate
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H][C@](CO)(COCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C37H74O4/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-19-20-22-24-26-28-30-32-37(39)41-36(34-38)35-40-33-31-29-27-25-23-21-18-16-14-12-10-8-6-4-2/h36,38H,3-35H2,1-2H3/t36-/m0/s1
InChI KeyALBMTLREXAADKV-BHVANESWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerols. These are glycerides consisting of two fatty acyl chains covalently bonded to a glycerol molecule at the 1- and 2-positions through an ether and an ester linkage, respectively.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerolipids
Sub ClassDiradylglycerols
Direct Parent1-alkyl,2-acylglycerols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerol
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Glycerol ether
  • Fatty acyl
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.6e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP10.43ALOGPS
logP13.27ChemAxon
logS-7.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)14.58ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area55.76 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count36ChemAxon
Refractivity177.15 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability79.55 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0079-6395775000-a89e095caeda8660b4d7Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB027921
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID18558308
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound18603089
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Ghosh S, Strum JC, Bell RM: Lipid biochemistry: functions of glycerolipids and sphingolipids in cellular signaling. FASEB J. 1997 Jan;11(1):45-50. [PubMed:9034165 ]
  2. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  3. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  4. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  5. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  6. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 130 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in diacylglycerol kinase activity
Specific function:
Phosphorylates diacylglycerol (DAG) to generate phosphatidic acid (PA). May regulate the activity of protein kinase C by controlling the balance between these two signaling lipids. Activated in the nucleus in response to alpha-thrombin and nerve growth factor. May be involved in cAMP- induced activation of NR5A1 and subsequent steroidogenic gene transcription by delivering PA as ligand for NR5A1. Acts synergistically with NR5A1 on CYP17 transcriptional activity
Gene Name:
DGKQ
Uniprot ID:
P52824
Molecular weight:
101154.0
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. [PubMed:12486725 ]
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PNLIP
Uniprot ID:
P16233
Molecular weight:
51156.48
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes.
Gene Name:
PLCB1
Uniprot ID:
Q9NQ66
Molecular weight:
138565.805
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. [PubMed:12486725 ]
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. This form has a role in retina signal transduction.
Gene Name:
PLCB4
Uniprot ID:
Q15147
Molecular weight:
136105.065
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. [PubMed:12486725 ]
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes.
Gene Name:
PLCB2
Uniprot ID:
Q00722
Molecular weight:
134023.21
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. [PubMed:12486725 ]
General function:
Involved in diacylglycerol kinase activity
Specific function:
Reverses the normal flow of glycerolipid biosynthesis by phosphorylating diacylglycerol back to phosphatidic acid
Gene Name:
DGKG
Uniprot ID:
P49619
Molecular weight:
89095.3
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. [PubMed:12486725 ]
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Hepatic lipase has the capacity to catalyze hydrolysis of phospholipids, mono-, di-, and triglycerides, and acyl-CoA thioesters. It is an important enzyme in HDL metabolism. Hepatic lipase binds heparin.
Gene Name:
LIPC
Uniprot ID:
P11150
Molecular weight:
55914.1
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes.
Gene Name:
PLCB3
Uniprot ID:
Q01970
Molecular weight:
138797.725
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. [PubMed:12486725 ]
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
May function as inhibitor of dietary triglyceride digestion. Lacks detectable lipase activity towards triglycerides, diglycerides, phosphatidylcholine, galactolipids or cholesterol esters (in vitro) (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PNLIPRP1
Uniprot ID:
P54315
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in phosphoinositide phospholipase C activity
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. It is a crucial enzyme in transmembrane signaling.
Gene Name:
PLCG2
Uniprot ID:
P16885
Molecular weight:
147868.67
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. [PubMed:12486725 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 130 proteins in total.