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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2008-10-29 14:21:43 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:34:33 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0011147
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB11147
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDG(O-18:0/2:0/0:0)
Description2-Acetyl-1-octadecyl-sn-glycerol, or DG(O-18:0/2:0/0:0), is an intermediate in ether lipid metabolism. 2-Acetyl-1-octadecyl-sn-glycerol is converted from 1-octadecyl-glycerone-3-phosphate. This is an ether lipid with a structure similar to platelet-activating factor which has an acetyl group instead of an acyl chain at the second position (SN-2). Ether lipids are lipids in which one or more of the carbon atoms on glycerol is bonded to an alkyl chain via an ether linkage, as opposed to the usual ester linkage.
Structure
Data?1582752873
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-Acetyl-1-octadecyl-sn-glycerolHMDB
DG(O-18:0/2:0/0:0)HMDB
(2S)-1-Hydroxy-3-(octadecyloxy)propan-2-yl acetic acidGenerator
Chemical FormulaC23H46O4
Average Molecular Weight386.6089
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight386.33960996
IUPAC Name(2S)-1-hydroxy-3-(octadecyloxy)propan-2-yl acetate
Traditional Name(2S)-1-hydroxy-3-(octadecyloxy)propan-2-yl acetate
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H][C@](CO)(COCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC)OC(C)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C23H46O4/c1-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-26-21-23(20-24)27-22(2)25/h23-24H,3-21H2,1-2H3/t23-/m0/s1
InChI KeyHUQABGDIJUXLRG-QHCPKHFHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerols. These are glycerides consisting of two fatty acyl chains covalently bonded to a glycerol molecule at the 1- and 2-positions through an ether and an ester linkage, respectively.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerolipids
Sub ClassDiradylglycerols
Direct Parent1-alkyl,2-acylglycerols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 1-alkyl,2-acylglycerol
  • Glycerol ether
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Biological location:

Source:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility9.8e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP7.98ALOGPS
logP6.79ChemAxon
logS-6.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)14.58ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area55.76 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count22ChemAxon
Refractivity112.71 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability50.7 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0udl-8941000000-8cb2d7a88d725caf4f5dSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB027922
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID18558312
KEGG Compound IDC03820
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound13341683
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Ghosh S, Strum JC, Bell RM: Lipid biochemistry: functions of glycerolipids and sphingolipids in cellular signaling. FASEB J. 1997 Jan;11(1):45-50. [PubMed:9034165 ]
  2. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  3. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  4. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  5. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  6. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 130 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in diacylglycerol kinase activity
Specific function:
Phosphorylates diacylglycerol (DAG) to generate phosphatidic acid (PA). May regulate the activity of protein kinase C by controlling the balance between these two signaling lipids. Activated in the nucleus in response to alpha-thrombin and nerve growth factor. May be involved in cAMP- induced activation of NR5A1 and subsequent steroidogenic gene transcription by delivering PA as ligand for NR5A1. Acts synergistically with NR5A1 on CYP17 transcriptional activity
Gene Name:
DGKQ
Uniprot ID:
P52824
Molecular weight:
101154.0
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PNLIP
Uniprot ID:
P16233
Molecular weight:
51156.48
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes.
Gene Name:
PLCB1
Uniprot ID:
Q9NQ66
Molecular weight:
138565.805
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. This form has a role in retina signal transduction.
Gene Name:
PLCB4
Uniprot ID:
Q15147
Molecular weight:
136105.065
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes.
Gene Name:
PLCB2
Uniprot ID:
Q00722
Molecular weight:
134023.21
General function:
Involved in diacylglycerol kinase activity
Specific function:
Reverses the normal flow of glycerolipid biosynthesis by phosphorylating diacylglycerol back to phosphatidic acid
Gene Name:
DGKG
Uniprot ID:
P49619
Molecular weight:
89095.3
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Hepatic lipase has the capacity to catalyze hydrolysis of phospholipids, mono-, di-, and triglycerides, and acyl-CoA thioesters. It is an important enzyme in HDL metabolism. Hepatic lipase binds heparin.
Gene Name:
LIPC
Uniprot ID:
P11150
Molecular weight:
55914.1
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes.
Gene Name:
PLCB3
Uniprot ID:
Q01970
Molecular weight:
138797.725
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
May function as inhibitor of dietary triglyceride digestion. Lacks detectable lipase activity towards triglycerides, diglycerides, phosphatidylcholine, galactolipids or cholesterol esters (in vitro) (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PNLIPRP1
Uniprot ID:
P54315
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in phosphoinositide phospholipase C activity
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. It is a crucial enzyme in transmembrane signaling.
Gene Name:
PLCG2
Uniprot ID:
P16885
Molecular weight:
147868.67

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 130 proteins in total.