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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-21 13:25:46 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 07:04:05 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0056203
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB56203
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDG(18:1n9/0:0/18:3n6)
DescriptionDG(18:1n9/0:0/18:3n6) is a diglyceride, or a diacylglycerol (DAG). It is a glyceride consisting of two fatty acid chains covalently bonded to a glycerol molecule through ester linkages. Diacylglycerols can have many different combinations of fatty acids attached at the C-1, C-2, or C-3 positions. DG(18:1n9/0:0/18:3n6), in particular, consists of one chain of oleic acid at the C-1 position and one chain of g-linolenic acid at the C-3 position. The oleic acid moiety is derived from vegetable oils, especially olive and canola oil, while the g-linolenic acid moiety is derived from animal fats. Mono- and diacylglycerols are common food additives used to blend together certain ingredients, such as oil and water, which would not otherwise blend well. Dacylglycerols are often found in bakery products, beverages, ice cream, chewing gum, shortening, whipped toppings, margarine, and confections.
Synthesis of diacylglycerol begins with glycerol-3-phosphate, which is derived primarily from dihydroxyacetone phosphate, a product of glycolysis (usually in the cytoplasm of liver or adipose tissue cells). Glycerol-3-phosphate is first acylated with acyl-coenzyme A (acyl-CoA) to form lysophosphatidic acid, which is then acylated with another molecule of acyl-CoA to yield phosphatidic acid. Phosphatidic acid is then de-phosphorylated to form diacylglycerol.
Diacylglycerols are precursors to triacylglycerols (triglyceride), which are formed by the addition of a third fatty acid to the diacylglycerol under the catalysis of diglyceride acyltransferase. Since diacylglycerols are synthesized via phosphatidic acid, they will usually contain a saturated fatty acid at the C-1 position on the glycerol moiety and an unsaturated fatty acid at the C-3 position.
Structure
Data?1563865445
Synonyms
ValueSource
DG(18:1/0:0/18:3)HMDB
DG(18:1W9/0:0/18:3W6)HMDB
DG(36:4)HMDB
DiglycerideHMDB
1-Oleoyl-3-g-linolenoyl-sn-glycerolHMDB
DiacylglycerolHMDB
Diacylglycerol(36:4)HMDB
Diacylglycerol(18:1n9/0:0/18:3n6)HMDB
DAG(18:1/0:0/18:3)HMDB
Diacylglycerol(18:1/0:0/18:3)HMDB
DAG(36:4)HMDB
Diacylglycerol(18:1W9/0:0/18:3W6)HMDB
DAG(18:1W9/0:0/18:3W6)HMDB
1-(9Z-Octadecenoyl)-3-(6Z,9Z,12Z-octadecatrienoyl)-sn-glycerolHMDB
DAG(18:1N9/0:0/18:3N6)HMDB
DG(18:1n9/0:0/18:3n6)Lipid Annotator
Chemical FormulaC39H68O5
Average Molecular Weight616.9542
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight616.506675286
IUPAC Name2-hydroxy-3-[(9Z)-octadec-9-enoyloxy]propyl (6Z,9Z,12Z)-octadeca-6,9,12-trienoate
Traditional Name2-hydroxy-3-[(9Z)-octadec-9-enoyloxy]propyl (6Z,9Z,12Z)-octadeca-6,9,12-trienoate
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CCCCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCCCC(=O)OCC(O)COC(=O)CCCC\C=C/C\C=C/C\C=C/CCCCC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C39H68O5/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-19-21-23-25-27-29-31-33-38(41)43-35-37(40)36-44-39(42)34-32-30-28-26-24-22-20-18-16-14-12-10-8-6-4-2/h11,13,17-20,23,25,37,40H,3-10,12,14-16,21-22,24,26-36H2,1-2H3/b13-11-,19-17-,20-18-,25-23-
InChI KeyOLMRINFYMOVSNZ-CIPMSCSPSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as lineolic acids and derivatives. These are derivatives of lineolic acid. Lineolic acid is a polyunsaturated omega-6 18 carbon long fatty acid, with two CC double bonds at the 9- and 12-positions.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassLineolic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentLineolic acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Octadecanoid
  • 1,3-acyl-sn-glycerol
  • Diacylglycerol
  • Diradylglycerol
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Glycerolipid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.7e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP9.84ALOGPS
logP12.33ChemAxon
logS-7.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)13.63ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area72.83 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count34ChemAxon
Refractivity190.57 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability78.59 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-02mr-5392202000-352ec7339d4e3b7610e9Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014i-1098027000-cf2e28e5f1e80bc9d998Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00rj-1195000000-81ef62248987234164e0Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-014i-1191200000-272f0169ec5aeb539145Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-02ai-0091004000-3a74b3f753b492cdf87bSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-01q9-1091000000-c6e0747a5a2b5aa4ec53Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-08j0-2090000000-2b7af178a610edf596dcSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiospecimenValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0.022 +/- 0.009 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal (Most Probable)Calculated using MetaboAnalyst
Blood0.133 +/- 0.058 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal (Upper Limit)Calculated using MetaboAnalyst
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound131766671
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  5. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 115 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in diacylglycerol kinase activity
Specific function:
Phosphorylates diacylglycerol (DAG) to generate phosphatidic acid (PA). May regulate the activity of protein kinase C by controlling the balance between these two signaling lipids. Activated in the nucleus in response to alpha-thrombin and nerve growth factor. May be involved in cAMP- induced activation of NR5A1 and subsequent steroidogenic gene transcription by delivering PA as ligand for NR5A1. Acts synergistically with NR5A1 on CYP17 transcriptional activity
Gene Name:
DGKQ
Uniprot ID:
P52824
Molecular weight:
101154.0
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PNLIP
Uniprot ID:
P16233
Molecular weight:
51156.48
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes.
Gene Name:
PLCB1
Uniprot ID:
Q9NQ66
Molecular weight:
138565.805
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. This form has a role in retina signal transduction.
Gene Name:
PLCB4
Uniprot ID:
Q15147
Molecular weight:
136105.065
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes.
Gene Name:
PLCB2
Uniprot ID:
Q00722
Molecular weight:
134023.21
General function:
Involved in diacylglycerol kinase activity
Specific function:
Reverses the normal flow of glycerolipid biosynthesis by phosphorylating diacylglycerol back to phosphatidic acid
Gene Name:
DGKG
Uniprot ID:
P49619
Molecular weight:
89095.3
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Hepatic lipase has the capacity to catalyze hydrolysis of phospholipids, mono-, di-, and triglycerides, and acyl-CoA thioesters. It is an important enzyme in HDL metabolism. Hepatic lipase binds heparin.
Gene Name:
LIPC
Uniprot ID:
P11150
Molecular weight:
55914.1
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes.
Gene Name:
PLCB3
Uniprot ID:
Q01970
Molecular weight:
138797.725
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
May function as inhibitor of dietary triglyceride digestion. Lacks detectable lipase activity towards triglycerides, diglycerides, phosphatidylcholine, galactolipids or cholesterol esters (in vitro) (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PNLIPRP1
Uniprot ID:
P54315
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in phosphoinositide phospholipase C activity
Specific function:
The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes. It is a crucial enzyme in transmembrane signaling.
Gene Name:
PLCG2
Uniprot ID:
P16885
Molecular weight:
147868.67

Transporters

General function:
Lipid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Involved in translocation of long-chain fatty acids (LFCA) across the plasma membrane. The LFCA import appears to be hormone-regulated in a tissue-specific manner. In adipocytes, but not myocytes, insulin induces a rapid translocation of FATP1 from intracellular compartments to the plasma membrane, paralleled by increased LFCA uptake. May act directly as a bona fide transporter, or alternatively, in a cytoplasmic or membrane- associated multimeric protein complex to trap and draw fatty acids towards accumulation. Plays a pivotal role in regulating available LFCA substrates from exogenous sources in tissues undergoing high levels of beta-oxidation or triglyceride synthesis. May be involved in regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Has acyl-CoA ligase activity for long-chain and very-long-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
SLC27A1
Uniprot ID:
Q6PCB7
Molecular weight:
71107.5
References
  1. Hatch GM, Smith AJ, Xu FY, Hall AM, Bernlohr DA: FATP1 channels exogenous FA into 1,2,3-triacyl-sn-glycerol and down-regulates sphingomyelin and cholesterol metabolism in growing 293 cells. J Lipid Res. 2002 Sep;43(9):1380-9. [PubMed:12235169 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 115 proteins in total.